Wind farms-fed HVDC system power profile enhancement using solid state transformer based flywheel energy storage system

Raymond G. Gadelrab, Mostafa S. Hamad, Ayman Abdel-Khalik, Amr El Zawawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


As the power of wind farms (WFs) considerably proliferates in many areas worldwide, energy storage systems will be required to dynamically compensate the wind energy intermittency and increase power system stability. In this paper, a backup power conditioning strategy for wind energy-fed voltage source converter HVDC transmission systems is presented. An induction machine (IM) based flywheel energy storage systems (FESS) is integrated to the HVDC system via a solid state transformer (SST).The FESS is connected in parallel with the dc-link of the grid side converter; therefore during the healthy conditions, the excess wind energy can be stored in the flywheel and then restored during the energy-shortage periods. However, in faulty conditions, typically ac faults, the FESS will provide an alternating path for the wind energy instead of feeding the fault. Hence, excessive overvoltage across the DC-link capacitor due to trapped energy is avoided. The proposed system including FESS with an interfacing SST is modeled, simulated, and analyzed in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. The results verify the effectiveness of the proposed system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-155
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes



  • DC power transmission
  • DC-DC power convertors
  • Energy storage
  • Power convertors
  • Renewable energy sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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