Water permeability in polymeric membranes, Part II

A. A. Merdaw, A. O. Sharif, G. A W Derwish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is a combination of experimental and theoretical works in an attempt to produce a new useful empirical model for the mass transfer in pressure-driven membrane separation processes. Following on from our previous work in Part I, this part II paper introduces three new permeability models when using aqueous solutions as feed. The Solution-Diffusion Pore-Flow Concentration-Polarization (SDPFCP) model, which is a combination between the Solution-Diffusion Pore-Flow (SDPF) model [1] and the Concentration Polarization (CP) model, is presented. The SDPFCP model examines the CP model to represent the transfer phenomena outside the membrane by merging its effect within the water permeability coefficient. A further development for this model, the SDPFCP+, is obtained by adding an additional resistance to the system in series with the membrane resistance and the CP. The second model shows fair representation of the experimental results. The Solution-Diffusion Pore-Flow Fluid-Resistance (SDPFFR) model is then proposed to provide better representation for the system. The feed solution resistance to water flux, the Fluid Resistance (FR), is suggested to replace the CP and the additional resistance. The latter model shows excellent fitting to the experimental results; it may be useful for development and design applications, when based on experimental data. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-194
Number of pages11
JournalDesalination
Volume257
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polymeric membranes
permeability
membrane
Water
polarization
Polarization
water
Membranes
Fluids
Hydraulic conductivity
Merging
fluid flow
mass transfer
Mass transfer
aqueous solution

Keywords

  • Concentration polarization
  • Membrane separation processes
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Water permeability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Water permeability in polymeric membranes, Part II. / Merdaw, A. A.; Sharif, A. O.; Derwish, G. A W.

In: Desalination, Vol. 257, No. 1-3, 01.07.2010, p. 184-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merdaw, A. A. ; Sharif, A. O. ; Derwish, G. A W. / Water permeability in polymeric membranes, Part II. In: Desalination. 2010 ; Vol. 257, No. 1-3. pp. 184-194.
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