Water desalination by forward (direct) osmosis phenomenon: A comprehensive review

Muhammad Qasim, Naif A. Darwish, Sarper Sarp, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Forward osmosis (FO) is a developing technology, which is thought to have a potential of producing potable water in an energy-efficient manner. FO is driven by the natural osmotic pressure difference across a semi-permeable membrane. Despite a number of patents and peer-reviewed papers published for different methods and systems for water desalination by FO, this technology is still in its infancy because of some serious limitations and challenges. Due to many environment and energy related challenges, FO-based desalination has recently gained worldwide attention because it operates at low levels of pressure and temperature. Compared to traditional pressure-driven membrane processes, FO offers recognized advantages including reversible membrane fouling, and potentially less operation energy.The purpose of this review paper is to provide the state-of-the-art of the physical principles, recent developments, and applications of forward osmosis in the area of water desalination. Strengths and limitations of the applications of FO processes in the area of water desalination are highlighted and the future of FO technology is considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-69
Number of pages23
JournalDesalination
Volume374
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Aug 2015

Fingerprint

Osmosis
Desalination
osmosis
Water
membrane
Membranes
energy
Membrane fouling
water desalination
fouling
Potable water
Drinking Water
desalination
drinking water

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Direct osmosis
  • Draw solution
  • Forward osmosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Water desalination by forward (direct) osmosis phenomenon : A comprehensive review. / Qasim, Muhammad; Darwish, Naif A.; Sarp, Sarper; Hilal, Nidal.

In: Desalination, Vol. 374, 04.08.2015, p. 47-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Qasim, Muhammad ; Darwish, Naif A. ; Sarp, Sarper ; Hilal, Nidal. / Water desalination by forward (direct) osmosis phenomenon : A comprehensive review. In: Desalination. 2015 ; Vol. 374. pp. 47-69.
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