WASP-54b, WASP-56b, and WASP-57b: Three new sub-Jupiter mass planets from SuperWASP

F. Faedi, D. Pollacco, S. C C Barros, D. Brown, A. Collier Cameron, A. P. Doyle, R. Enoch, M. Gillon, Y. Gómez Maqueo Chew, G. Hébrard, M. Lendl, C. Liebig, B. Smalley, A. H M J Triaud, R. G. West, P. J. Wheatley, Khalid Al-Subai, D. R. Anderson, D. Armstrong, J. BentoJ. Bochinski, F. Bouchy, R. Busuttil, L. Fossati, A. Fumel, C. A. Haswell, C. Hellier, S. Holmes, E. Jehin, U. Kolb, J. McCormac, G. R M Miller, C. Moutou, A. J. Norton, N. Parley, D. Queloz, A. Santerne, I. Skillen, A. M S Smith, S. Udry, C. Watson

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present three newly discovered sub-Jupiter mass planets from the SuperWASP survey: WASP-54b is a heavily bloated planet of mass 0.636 +0.025 -0.024 0.63 6-0.024 + 0.025 MJ and radius 1.653+0.090 -0.083 1.65 3-0.083 + 0.090 RJ. It orbits a F9 star, evolving off the main sequence, every 3.69 days. Our MCMC fit of the system yields a slightly eccentric orbit (e = 0.067+0.033 -0.025 e = 0.06 7-0.025 + 0.033) for WASP-54b. We investigated further the veracity of our detection of the eccentric orbit for WASP-54b, and we find that it could be real. However, given the brightness of WASP-54 V = 10.42 mag, we encourage observations of a secondary eclipse to draw robust conclusions on both the orbital eccentricity and the thermal structure of the planet. WASP-56b and WASP-57b have masses of 0.571+0.034 -0.035 0.57 1-0.035 + 0.034 MJ and 0.672 +0.049 -0.046 0.67 2-0.046 + 0.049 MJ, respectively; and radii of 1.092+0.035 -0.033 1.09 2-0.033 + 0.035 RJ for WASP-56b and 0.916+0.017 -0.014 0.91 6-0.014 + 0.017 RJ for WASP-57b. They orbit main sequence stars of spectral type G6 every 4.67 and 2.84 days, respectively. WASP-56b and WASP-57b show no radius anomaly and a high density possibly implying a large core of heavy elements; possibly as high as ∼50 M in the case of WASP-57b. However,the composition of the deep interior of exoplanets remains still undetermined. Thus, more exoplanet discoveries such as the ones presented in this paper, are needed to understand and constrain giant planets' physical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA73
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume551
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2013

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Keywords

  • Stars: individual: WASP-54
  • Stars: individual: WASP-56
  • Stars: individual: WASP-57
  • Techniques: photometric
  • Techniques: radial velocities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Faedi, F., Pollacco, D., Barros, S. C. C., Brown, D., Collier Cameron, A., Doyle, A. P., Enoch, R., Gillon, M., Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y., Hébrard, G., Lendl, M., Liebig, C., Smalley, B., Triaud, A. H. M. J., West, R. G., Wheatley, P. J., Al-Subai, K., Anderson, D. R., Armstrong, D., ... Watson, C. (2013). WASP-54b, WASP-56b, and WASP-57b: Three new sub-Jupiter mass planets from SuperWASP. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 551, [A73]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220520