Vulnerability assessment for the Gaza Strip, Palestine using DRASTIC

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Abstract

The main usefulness of groundwater vulnerability assessment maps is their ability to be an effective preliminary tool for planning, policy, and operational levels of decision-making. DRASTIC is one such assessment method. The DRASTIC index is made up of a calculated sum of products rating and weights for seven hydrogeological parameters that contribute to aquifer vulnerability. With the help of GIS, and based on the available data, maps of DRASTIC parameters were prepared for the Gaza Strip area in a case study. Each map was given a proper rate and a special weight factor developed. The final vulnerability map was obtained as a summation of the seven maps after multiplying each one with the appropriate weight. The vulnerability map was checked against the actual pollution potential in the area and nitrate concentration. The obtained vulnerability map is strongly correlated to known pollution values in the area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-414
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Geology
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006

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Keywords

  • DRASTIC
  • Gaza Strip
  • Groundwater protection
  • Vulnerability mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution
  • Soil Science

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