Vent sizing: Analysis of the blowdown of a hybrid non tempered system

Luc Véchot, Wilfried Minko, Jean Pierre Bigot, Marc Kazmierczak, Patricia Vicot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The runaway and blowdown of a non tempered hybrid chemical system (30% cumene hydroperoxide) exposed to an external heat input was investigated using a 0.1. l scale tool.The maximum temperature and the maximum temperature rise rate were showed to be sensitive to the vent size. An Antoine type correlation between the maximum temperatures and pressures was observed. These resulted from the presence of vapour, mainly generated by the reaction products. Increasing the initial filling ratio resulted in an earlier vent opening but did not have a significant influence on the blow-down. Three types of mass venting behaviour were observed, when changing the vent area to volume ratio (A/V):. •for large A/V, two-phase venting occurred from the vent opening until the end of the second pressure peak;•for medium A/V, two-phase venting occurred before and after the turnaround. The data seem to indicate that gas only venting occurred at turn-around;•for low A/V, two-phase venting was observed only after the second pressure peak.Two-phase venting after the second pressure peak probably results from the boiling of the hot reaction products at low pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume191
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2011

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Keywords

  • Blowdown
  • Cumene hydroperoxide
  • Non tempered system
  • Run-away
  • Safety vent sizing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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