Urban sustainability and livability

An analysis of Doha's urban-form and possible mitigation strategies

Soud K. Al-Thani, Alexandre Amato, Muammer Koç, Sami G. Al-Ghamdi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines the concept of sustainability and livability at the neighborhood level in a low-density city such as Doha. In its current form, Metropolitan Doha, Qatar's capital and where 80% of the population resides, is neither sustainable nor ranked highly in many city livability indices of international cities, although Qatar aims to become a truly sustainable state as envisioned in its Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030 and endorsed in its National Development Strategies 2012 and 2018. Doha remains a fractured city; its rapid growth has led to unrestrained, extensive urban sprawl with high dependency on private transportation mainly by large SUVs, continually instigated by the absence of public transportation. Doha is also a relatively low-density city where the main driver of its urban sprawl is the inhabitants' deep-set desire for privacy, and hence, home ownership of single-family detached villas, which have become the predominant residential building-block of neighborhoods with little to no provisions of in-neighborhood community services and amenities such as basic shopping, health, education, and recreation. Consequently, this urban form has resulted in long and frequent commutes for individuals and families, increasing the number of vehicles in traffic almost every hour of every day, traffic congestion, high transportation-related CO2 emissions, additional expenses, and loss of quality family time, among several other environmental, social, and economic sustainability impacts. The findings of this study, which are based on a behavioral survey, illustrate the residents' views on neighborhood improvement and changes in the transportation modes, as well as their willingness to change their habits for the benefit of common and future generations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number786
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Qatar
Sustainable development
mitigation
sustainability
urban sprawl
residential building
Traffic congestion
public transportation
transportation mode
traffic congestion
national development
community service
recreation
development strategy
health education
inhabitant
habits
privacy
amenity
Education

Keywords

  • Sustainable cities
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Sustainable neighborhoods
  • Sustainable urban transportation
  • Urban form

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Urban sustainability and livability : An analysis of Doha's urban-form and possible mitigation strategies. / Al-Thani, Soud K.; Amato, Alexandre; Koç, Muammer; Al-Ghamdi, Sami G.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 3, 786, 02.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{90c17a5721d4486388c662cdefcde11c,
title = "Urban sustainability and livability: An analysis of Doha's urban-form and possible mitigation strategies",
abstract = "This study examines the concept of sustainability and livability at the neighborhood level in a low-density city such as Doha. In its current form, Metropolitan Doha, Qatar's capital and where 80{\%} of the population resides, is neither sustainable nor ranked highly in many city livability indices of international cities, although Qatar aims to become a truly sustainable state as envisioned in its Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030 and endorsed in its National Development Strategies 2012 and 2018. Doha remains a fractured city; its rapid growth has led to unrestrained, extensive urban sprawl with high dependency on private transportation mainly by large SUVs, continually instigated by the absence of public transportation. Doha is also a relatively low-density city where the main driver of its urban sprawl is the inhabitants' deep-set desire for privacy, and hence, home ownership of single-family detached villas, which have become the predominant residential building-block of neighborhoods with little to no provisions of in-neighborhood community services and amenities such as basic shopping, health, education, and recreation. Consequently, this urban form has resulted in long and frequent commutes for individuals and families, increasing the number of vehicles in traffic almost every hour of every day, traffic congestion, high transportation-related CO2 emissions, additional expenses, and loss of quality family time, among several other environmental, social, and economic sustainability impacts. The findings of this study, which are based on a behavioral survey, illustrate the residents' views on neighborhood improvement and changes in the transportation modes, as well as their willingness to change their habits for the benefit of common and future generations.",
keywords = "Sustainable cities, Sustainable mobility, Sustainable neighborhoods, Sustainable urban transportation, Urban form",
author = "Al-Thani, {Soud K.} and Alexandre Amato and Muammer Ko{\cc} and Al-Ghamdi, {Sami G.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "2",
doi = "10.3390/su11030786",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Sustainability",
issn = "2071-1050",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urban sustainability and livability

T2 - An analysis of Doha's urban-form and possible mitigation strategies

AU - Al-Thani, Soud K.

AU - Amato, Alexandre

AU - Koç, Muammer

AU - Al-Ghamdi, Sami G.

PY - 2019/2/2

Y1 - 2019/2/2

N2 - This study examines the concept of sustainability and livability at the neighborhood level in a low-density city such as Doha. In its current form, Metropolitan Doha, Qatar's capital and where 80% of the population resides, is neither sustainable nor ranked highly in many city livability indices of international cities, although Qatar aims to become a truly sustainable state as envisioned in its Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030 and endorsed in its National Development Strategies 2012 and 2018. Doha remains a fractured city; its rapid growth has led to unrestrained, extensive urban sprawl with high dependency on private transportation mainly by large SUVs, continually instigated by the absence of public transportation. Doha is also a relatively low-density city where the main driver of its urban sprawl is the inhabitants' deep-set desire for privacy, and hence, home ownership of single-family detached villas, which have become the predominant residential building-block of neighborhoods with little to no provisions of in-neighborhood community services and amenities such as basic shopping, health, education, and recreation. Consequently, this urban form has resulted in long and frequent commutes for individuals and families, increasing the number of vehicles in traffic almost every hour of every day, traffic congestion, high transportation-related CO2 emissions, additional expenses, and loss of quality family time, among several other environmental, social, and economic sustainability impacts. The findings of this study, which are based on a behavioral survey, illustrate the residents' views on neighborhood improvement and changes in the transportation modes, as well as their willingness to change their habits for the benefit of common and future generations.

AB - This study examines the concept of sustainability and livability at the neighborhood level in a low-density city such as Doha. In its current form, Metropolitan Doha, Qatar's capital and where 80% of the population resides, is neither sustainable nor ranked highly in many city livability indices of international cities, although Qatar aims to become a truly sustainable state as envisioned in its Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030 and endorsed in its National Development Strategies 2012 and 2018. Doha remains a fractured city; its rapid growth has led to unrestrained, extensive urban sprawl with high dependency on private transportation mainly by large SUVs, continually instigated by the absence of public transportation. Doha is also a relatively low-density city where the main driver of its urban sprawl is the inhabitants' deep-set desire for privacy, and hence, home ownership of single-family detached villas, which have become the predominant residential building-block of neighborhoods with little to no provisions of in-neighborhood community services and amenities such as basic shopping, health, education, and recreation. Consequently, this urban form has resulted in long and frequent commutes for individuals and families, increasing the number of vehicles in traffic almost every hour of every day, traffic congestion, high transportation-related CO2 emissions, additional expenses, and loss of quality family time, among several other environmental, social, and economic sustainability impacts. The findings of this study, which are based on a behavioral survey, illustrate the residents' views on neighborhood improvement and changes in the transportation modes, as well as their willingness to change their habits for the benefit of common and future generations.

KW - Sustainable cities

KW - Sustainable mobility

KW - Sustainable neighborhoods

KW - Sustainable urban transportation

KW - Urban form

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85061103777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85061103777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/su11030786

DO - 10.3390/su11030786

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - Sustainability

JF - Sustainability

SN - 2071-1050

IS - 3

M1 - 786

ER -