Ultrafast electron and material dynamics following femtosecond filamentation induced excitation of transparent solids

Dimitrios G. Papazoglou, Daryoush Abdollahpour, Stylianos Tzortzakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examine the spatiotemporal dynamics of filamentation and subsequent material changes in two transparent media, fused silica and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), using inline holographic microscopy. We are able to dynamically observe the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses and the consequent evolution of the electronic excitatio n and trapping inside the bulk of both materials. In the case of fused silica we reveal the physical conditions for the formation of nanogratings, measuring excited electron densities well below the critical density while for PMMA we show that excited electrons with densities exceeding 1018 cm-3, exhibit complex trapping dynamics in a 200 fs time scale. The clear demonstration of ultrafast sub-ps photochemical processes that take place during the irradiation of PMMA with femtosecond pulses will have a strong impact on the laser microprocessing of polymers and nanosurgery applications of bio-related materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl methacrylates
Fused silica
Ultrashort pulses
Electrons
Carrier concentration
Microscopic examination
Polymers
Demonstrations
Irradiation
Lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Ultrafast electron and material dynamics following femtosecond filamentation induced excitation of transparent solids. / Papazoglou, Dimitrios G.; Abdollahpour, Daryoush; Tzortzakis, Stylianos.

In: Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, Vol. 114, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 161-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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