Ultra wideband body-centric networks for localisation and motion capture applications

Richa Bharadwaj, Qammer H. Abbasi, John Batchelor, Srijittra Swaisaenyakorn, A. Alomainy

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Abstract

Localisation and motion tracking using body-worn antennas are emerging as an important research area based on ultra wideband (UWB) technology. Motion tracking itself is motivated by a variety of applications such as training of athletes, patient monitoring in health care domain, localisation of people in home or office environment, and the human body is an integral part of such applications. Hence, it is important to study the effect of human body on UWB localisation and the accuracy achieved while localizing the antennas present on the body. The choice of sensors, such as compact, efficient and low-cost UWB antennas, makes human localisation and activity monitoring a promising new application made possible by advances in UWB technology. In this chapter, UWB three-dimensional (3D) human body localisation is studied using body-worn antennas placed on different locations on the human body through numerical and experimental investigations. Detailed analysis is performed based on the measurement data in terms of propagation phenomenon for each antenna location and how the presence of human body affects ranging and localisation accuracy. The objective of the work is to achieve high-accuracy localisation of the human body using time of arrival positioning techniques and also evaluate the results with the optical motion capture system which is used as a standard reference.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherInstitution of Engineering and Technology
Number of pages37
ISBN (Electronic)9781849199902
ISBN (Print)9781849199896
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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Keywords

  • Activity monitoring
  • Antenna location
  • Body area networks
  • Body-worn antenna
  • Health care domain
  • Localisation application
  • Motion capture application
  • Motion tracking
  • Optical motion capture system
  • People localisation
  • Propagation phenomenon
  • Radionavigation
  • Radiowave propagation
  • Time of arrival positioning technique
  • Ultra wideband antennas
  • Ultra wideband body-centric network
  • Ultra wideband communication
  • Uwb 3d human body localisation
  • Uwb three-dimensional human body localisation
  • Wearable antennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Bharadwaj, R., Abbasi, Q. H., Batchelor, J., Swaisaenyakorn, S., & Alomainy, A. (2016). Ultra wideband body-centric networks for localisation and motion capture applications. Institution of Engineering and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1049/PBTE065E_ch11