Ultra-high oxidation resistance of suspended single-wall carbon nanotube bundles grown by an "all-laser" process

J. H. Yi, B. Aissa, M. A. El Khakani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) were laterally grown on SiO 2/Si substrates by means of an "all-laser" growth process. Our "all-laser" process stands out by its exclusive use of the same pulsed UV laser, first, to deposit the CoNi nanocatalyst and, second, to grow SWCNTs through the laser ablation of a pure graphite target. The "all-laser" grown SWCNTs generally self-assemble into bundles (5-15 nm-diam.) sprouting from the CoNi nanocatalyst and laterally bridging the 2 μm gap separating adjacent catalysed electrodes (in either "suspended" or "on-substrate" geometries). A comparative study of the oxidation resistance of both suspended and on-substrate SWCNTs was achieved. The "all-laser" grown SWCNTs were subjected to annealing under flowing oxygen at temperatures ranging from 200 to 1100°C Systematic scanning electron microscopy observations combined with micro-Raman analyses revealed that more than 20% of suspended nanotubes were still stable at temperatures as high as 900 °C under flowing O 2 while the on-substrate counter-part were completely burnt out at this temperature. Accordingly, the activation energy, as deduced from the Arrhenius plot, of the suspended SWCNTs is found to be as high as ∼180 kJ mol -1 (∼9 times higher than that of the on-substrate ones). The high quality (almost defect-free) of the nanotubes synthesized by the "all-laser" approach, their protected tips into the embedded CoNi catalyst nanolayer together with their suspended geometry are thought to be responsible for their unprecedented ultra-high oxidation resistance. This opens up new prospects for the use of these suspended nanotubes into nanodevices that have to operate under highly oxidizing environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3394-3399
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • All-laser process
  • Single-wall carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this