Two-level systems driven by large-amplitude fields

Sahel Ashhab, J. R. Johansson, A. M. Zagoskin, Franco Nori

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163 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze the dynamics of a two-level system subject to driving by large-amplitude external fields, focusing on the resonance properties in the case of driving around the region of avoided level crossing. In particular, we consider three main questions that characterize resonance dynamics: (1) the resonance condition, (2) the frequency of the resulting oscillations on resonance, and (3) the width of the resonance. We identify the regions of validity of different approximations. In a large region of the parameter space, we use a geometric picture in order to obtain both a simple understanding of the dynamics and quantitative results. The geometric approach is obtained by dividing the evolution into discrete time steps, with each time step described by either a phase shift on the basis states or a coherent mixing process corresponding to a Landau-Zener crossing. We compare the results of the geometric picture with those of a rotating wave approximation. We also comment briefly on the prospects of employing strong driving as a useful tool to manipulate two-level systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063414
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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