Two-Dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene Nanosheets for Efficient Copper Removal from Water

Asif Shahzad, Kashif Rasool, Waheed Miran, Mohsin Nawaz, Jiseon Jang, Khaled Mahmoud, Dae Sung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The performance of two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2Tx MXene nanosheets in the adsorption and copper removal from aqueous media was investigated. Delaminated (DL)-Ti3C2Tx exhibited excellent Cu removal ability, because of their large specific surface area, hydrophilicity, and unique surface functional properties. Scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed to analyze the structural changes in Ti3C2Tx MXene and its interaction with Cu ions. Oxygenated moieties in the layered structure of MXene facilitated reductive adsorption of Cu2+ forming Cu2O and CuO species. DL-Ti3C2Tx exhibited a higher and faster Cu uptake, compared to multilayer (ML)-Ti3C2Tx. The maximum experimental adsorption capacity (Qexp,max) was 78.45 mg g-1, and 80% of the total content of metal ions was adsorbed within 1 min. A pseudo-second-order kinetic model and the Freundlich adsorption isotherm accurately describe the equilibrium time and maximum Cu uptake onto the adsorbent material, respectively. Thermodynamic analysis revealed that the adsorption process was endothermic. The adsorption capacity (Qe) of DL-Ti3C2Tx was 2.7 times higher than that of a commercially available activated carbon. The present results illustrate the promising potential of 2D MXene nanosheets for the removal of toxic metals from water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11481-11488
Number of pages8
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017

Fingerprint

Nanosheets
Copper
copper
adsorption
Adsorption
Water
water
Poisons
Hydrophilicity
Adsorption isotherms
ion
Specific surface area
Activated carbon
Adsorbents
Metal ions
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Multilayers
structural change
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
X-ray spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Heavy metals
  • Isotherms
  • Metal carbide
  • TiCT MXene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Two-Dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene Nanosheets for Efficient Copper Removal from Water. / Shahzad, Asif; Rasool, Kashif; Miran, Waheed; Nawaz, Mohsin; Jang, Jiseon; Mahmoud, Khaled; Lee, Dae Sung.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 12, 04.12.2017, p. 11481-11488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shahzad, Asif ; Rasool, Kashif ; Miran, Waheed ; Nawaz, Mohsin ; Jang, Jiseon ; Mahmoud, Khaled ; Lee, Dae Sung. / Two-Dimensional Ti3C2Tx MXene Nanosheets for Efficient Copper Removal from Water. In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering. 2017 ; Vol. 5, No. 12. pp. 11481-11488.
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