Transition metal dependent regulation of the signal transduction cascade driving oocyte meiosis

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Abstract

The G2-M transition of the cell cycle requires the activation of members of the Cdc25 dual specificity phosphatase family. Using Xenopus oocyte maturation as a model system, we have previously shown that chelation of transition metals blocks meiosis progression by inhibiting Cdc25C activation. Here, using approaches that allow for the isolation of very pure and active recombinant Cdc25C, we show that Cdc25C does not bind zinc as previously reported. Additionally, we show that mutants in the disordered C-terminal end of Cdc25C are poor initiators of meiosis, likely due to their inability to localize to the proper sub-cellular location.Wefurther demonstrate that the transition metal chelator, TPEN, acts on or upstream of polo-like kinases in the oocyte to block meiosis progression. Together our results provide novel insights into Cdc25C structure-function relationship and the role of transition metals in regulating meiosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3164-3175
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume233
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Signal transduction
Meiosis
Oocytes
Transition metals
Signal Transduction
Metals
Dual-Specificity Phosphatases
Chemical activation
cdc25 Phosphatases
Chelating Agents
Chelation
Zinc
Phosphotransferases
Xenopus
Cells
Cell Cycle

Keywords

  • Cdc25C
  • Dual-specificity phosphatase
  • Meiosis
  • Oocyte maturation
  • Transition metals
  • Xenopus
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Transition metal dependent regulation of the signal transduction cascade driving oocyte meiosis",
abstract = "The G2-M transition of the cell cycle requires the activation of members of the Cdc25 dual specificity phosphatase family. Using Xenopus oocyte maturation as a model system, we have previously shown that chelation of transition metals blocks meiosis progression by inhibiting Cdc25C activation. Here, using approaches that allow for the isolation of very pure and active recombinant Cdc25C, we show that Cdc25C does not bind zinc as previously reported. Additionally, we show that mutants in the disordered C-terminal end of Cdc25C are poor initiators of meiosis, likely due to their inability to localize to the proper sub-cellular location.Wefurther demonstrate that the transition metal chelator, TPEN, acts on or upstream of polo-like kinases in the oocyte to block meiosis progression. Together our results provide novel insights into Cdc25C structure-function relationship and the role of transition metals in regulating meiosis.",
keywords = "Cdc25C, Dual-specificity phosphatase, Meiosis, Oocyte maturation, Transition metals, Xenopus, Zinc",
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AU - Ramadan, Stephanie

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N2 - The G2-M transition of the cell cycle requires the activation of members of the Cdc25 dual specificity phosphatase family. Using Xenopus oocyte maturation as a model system, we have previously shown that chelation of transition metals blocks meiosis progression by inhibiting Cdc25C activation. Here, using approaches that allow for the isolation of very pure and active recombinant Cdc25C, we show that Cdc25C does not bind zinc as previously reported. Additionally, we show that mutants in the disordered C-terminal end of Cdc25C are poor initiators of meiosis, likely due to their inability to localize to the proper sub-cellular location.Wefurther demonstrate that the transition metal chelator, TPEN, acts on or upstream of polo-like kinases in the oocyte to block meiosis progression. Together our results provide novel insights into Cdc25C structure-function relationship and the role of transition metals in regulating meiosis.

AB - The G2-M transition of the cell cycle requires the activation of members of the Cdc25 dual specificity phosphatase family. Using Xenopus oocyte maturation as a model system, we have previously shown that chelation of transition metals blocks meiosis progression by inhibiting Cdc25C activation. Here, using approaches that allow for the isolation of very pure and active recombinant Cdc25C, we show that Cdc25C does not bind zinc as previously reported. Additionally, we show that mutants in the disordered C-terminal end of Cdc25C are poor initiators of meiosis, likely due to their inability to localize to the proper sub-cellular location.Wefurther demonstrate that the transition metal chelator, TPEN, acts on or upstream of polo-like kinases in the oocyte to block meiosis progression. Together our results provide novel insights into Cdc25C structure-function relationship and the role of transition metals in regulating meiosis.

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