Toward knowledge-based economy: Innovation and transformational leadership in public universities in Texas and Qatar

Reem S. Al-Mansoori, Muammer Koç

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The essentiality of the universities' roles in enhancing economies and transforming societies is a global mantra. However, when it comes to wealthy and oil-dependent states such as Texas in the United States and Qatar in the Middle East, the impact of universities on sustainable economic development is questionable. This article discusses the transformational efforts within engineering colleges at two public universities in Texas and in Qatar to support their states' visions in moving toward innovative and knowledge-based economies. The study examined the innovation capacity building of both institutions through measuring the transformational leadership styles in engineering colleges and its impact on the faculty's innovative production of technical articles, patents, and sustainable development-related courses. The cultural impact of the two contexts on the leader-follower relationship was addressed in the discussion using Hofstede's cultural dimension framework. The results showed that leaders in both colleges possess a transformational leadership style, albeit lower than the norm. This study disclosed that, in the high-power distance contexts, the idealized image of the leader contributed positively toward higher satisfaction of the followers with their leaders and current governance systems, while acknowledgment and rewards were the sources of satisfaction in low-power distance societies. Followers in a low uncertainty avoidance, individualistic, and short-term-oriented context achieved higher technical production. Both public universities expressed the need for government involvement in supporting the culture of innovation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6721
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Qatar
leadership
Sustainable development
innovation
follower
Innovation
leader
engineering
economy
university
capacity building
knowledge
sustainable development
economic development
innovation capacity
oil
society
patent
Middle East
reward

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural study
  • Engineering
  • Innovation
  • Knowledge-based economy
  • Public university
  • Qatar
  • Transformational leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Toward knowledge-based economy : Innovation and transformational leadership in public universities in Texas and Qatar. / Al-Mansoori, Reem S.; Koç, Muammer.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 23, 6721, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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