Tip leakage flow and heat transfer on turbine blade tip and casing, Part 1: Effect of tip clearance height and rotation speed

M. Hamidur Rahman, Sung In Kim, Ibrahim Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Steady simulations were performed to investigate tip leakage flow and heat transfer characteristics on the rotor blade tip and casing in a single-stage gas turbine engine. A typical high-pressure gas turbine stage was modeled with a pressure ratio of 3.2. The predicted isentropic Mach number and adiabatic wall temperature on the casing showed good agreement with available experimental data under similar operating condition. The present numerical study focuses extensively on the effects of tip clearance heights and rotor rotational speeds on the blade tip and casing heat transfer characteristics. It was observed that the tip leakage flow structure is highly dependent on the height of the tip gap and the speed of the rotor. In all cases, the tip leakage flow was seen to separate and recirculate just around the corner of the pressure side of the blade tip. This region of re-circulating flow enlarges with increasing clearance heights. The separated leakage flow reattaches afterwards on the tip surface. Leakage flow reattachment was shown to enhance surface heat transfer at the tip. The interaction between tip leakage flow and secondary flows that is induced by the relative casing motion is found to significantly influence the blade tip and casing heat transfer distribution. A region of critical heat transfer exists on the casing near the blade tip leading edge and along the pressure-side edge for all the clearance heights that were investigated. At high rotation speed, the region of critical heat transfer tends to move towards the trailing edge due to the change in inflow angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-303
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Computational Mathematics

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