Thermally reduced graphene

Synthesis, characterization and dye removal applications

Muhammad Z. Iqbal, Ahmed Abdala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since its recent discovery, graphene has emerged as a promising material for a variety of applications. In this article, thermally reduced graphene (TRG) was produced by thermal exfoliation of graphite oxide; characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XPS, BET, and elemental analysis; and used as an adsorbent to remove methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models are used to examine the nature of the adsorption process and the results indicate that MO adsorption on TRG can be described as monolayer type (Langmuir) adsorption. Moreover, the adsorption process is physical, spontaneous, and follows a second order kinetics as revealed by the analysis of the thermodynamic and kinetic data. Furthermore, the sorption capacity and the removal percentage strongly depend on the adsorbent-to-dye ratio, the solution pH and temperature. The current study indicates that graphene could be a very efficient adsorbent for removal of MO dye from colored-waters with a maximum sorption capacity of 100 mg of dye per g of TRG and a removal percentage of 98%. In addition, more than 80% of the adsorbed dye can be recovered and TRG can be regenerated and reused with no significant change in its sorption capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24455-24464
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Advances
Volume3
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Graphite
Graphene
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Adsorbents
Sorption
Adsorption
Kinetics
Isotherms
Monolayers
Oxides
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Thermodynamics
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis
Water
methyl orange

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Thermally reduced graphene : Synthesis, characterization and dye removal applications. / Iqbal, Muhammad Z.; Abdala, Ahmed.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 3, No. 46, 14.12.2013, p. 24455-24464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{83ea510d46a148e0a15d87d6ac84b74b,
title = "Thermally reduced graphene: Synthesis, characterization and dye removal applications",
abstract = "Since its recent discovery, graphene has emerged as a promising material for a variety of applications. In this article, thermally reduced graphene (TRG) was produced by thermal exfoliation of graphite oxide; characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XPS, BET, and elemental analysis; and used as an adsorbent to remove methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models are used to examine the nature of the adsorption process and the results indicate that MO adsorption on TRG can be described as monolayer type (Langmuir) adsorption. Moreover, the adsorption process is physical, spontaneous, and follows a second order kinetics as revealed by the analysis of the thermodynamic and kinetic data. Furthermore, the sorption capacity and the removal percentage strongly depend on the adsorbent-to-dye ratio, the solution pH and temperature. The current study indicates that graphene could be a very efficient adsorbent for removal of MO dye from colored-waters with a maximum sorption capacity of 100 mg of dye per g of TRG and a removal percentage of 98{\%}. In addition, more than 80{\%} of the adsorbed dye can be recovered and TRG can be regenerated and reused with no significant change in its sorption capacity.",
author = "Iqbal, {Muhammad Z.} and Ahmed Abdala",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1039/c3ra43914c",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "24455--24464",
journal = "RSC Advances",
issn = "2046-2069",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "46",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thermally reduced graphene

T2 - Synthesis, characterization and dye removal applications

AU - Iqbal, Muhammad Z.

AU - Abdala, Ahmed

PY - 2013/12/14

Y1 - 2013/12/14

N2 - Since its recent discovery, graphene has emerged as a promising material for a variety of applications. In this article, thermally reduced graphene (TRG) was produced by thermal exfoliation of graphite oxide; characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XPS, BET, and elemental analysis; and used as an adsorbent to remove methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models are used to examine the nature of the adsorption process and the results indicate that MO adsorption on TRG can be described as monolayer type (Langmuir) adsorption. Moreover, the adsorption process is physical, spontaneous, and follows a second order kinetics as revealed by the analysis of the thermodynamic and kinetic data. Furthermore, the sorption capacity and the removal percentage strongly depend on the adsorbent-to-dye ratio, the solution pH and temperature. The current study indicates that graphene could be a very efficient adsorbent for removal of MO dye from colored-waters with a maximum sorption capacity of 100 mg of dye per g of TRG and a removal percentage of 98%. In addition, more than 80% of the adsorbed dye can be recovered and TRG can be regenerated and reused with no significant change in its sorption capacity.

AB - Since its recent discovery, graphene has emerged as a promising material for a variety of applications. In this article, thermally reduced graphene (TRG) was produced by thermal exfoliation of graphite oxide; characterized using XRD, SEM, TEM, FTIR, XPS, BET, and elemental analysis; and used as an adsorbent to remove methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solution. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models are used to examine the nature of the adsorption process and the results indicate that MO adsorption on TRG can be described as monolayer type (Langmuir) adsorption. Moreover, the adsorption process is physical, spontaneous, and follows a second order kinetics as revealed by the analysis of the thermodynamic and kinetic data. Furthermore, the sorption capacity and the removal percentage strongly depend on the adsorbent-to-dye ratio, the solution pH and temperature. The current study indicates that graphene could be a very efficient adsorbent for removal of MO dye from colored-waters with a maximum sorption capacity of 100 mg of dye per g of TRG and a removal percentage of 98%. In addition, more than 80% of the adsorbed dye can be recovered and TRG can be regenerated and reused with no significant change in its sorption capacity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887339417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887339417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c3ra43914c

DO - 10.1039/c3ra43914c

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 24455

EP - 24464

JO - RSC Advances

JF - RSC Advances

SN - 2046-2069

IS - 46

ER -