Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation

Lijo Francis, Noreddine Ghaffour, Ahmad A. Al-Saadi, Gary L. Amy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Theoretical and experimental validation of a water gap membrane distillation (WGMD) process has been proposed and successfully tested for seawater desalination. It has been observed that, employing water in the air gap between the membrane and condensation plate of an air gap membrane distillation (AGMD) module, there is a significant enhancement of the water vapor flux, reaching 800 %. A detailed investigation on the influence of thickness of the water gap has been carried in this study. Water vapor flux enhancement in the WGMD process has been described with the help of a theoretical explanation of heat and mass transfer mechanisms through the membrane and water gap. Heat and mass transfer resistance in the air gap during an AGMD process is the major limiting factor for the lower water vapor flux. It was observed that employing water in the air gap of an AGMD module eliminates the heat and mass transfer resistance in the air gap and results in increased water vapor flux. Temperature polarization is another phenomenon which adversely affects all MD processes and causes a significant decrease in the water vapor flux. During the WGMD process, occurrence of natural convection in the water gap helps to decrease the temperature polarization and provide a synergistic effect along with the sensible heat transfer to enhance the water vapor flux. A theoretical explanation of the natural convection during the WGMD process will be described in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition
PublisherAmerican Water Works Association
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventAWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: 10 Mar 201414 Mar 2014

Other

OtherAWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV
Period10/3/1414/3/14

Fingerprint

Distillation
Steam
Membranes
Water vapor
Water
Fluxes
Air
Heat transfer
Mass transfer
Natural convection
Polarization
Desalination
Seawater
Condensation
Temperature

Keywords

  • Air gap membrane distillation (AGMD)
  • Desalination
  • Heat and mass transfer
  • Water gap membrane distillation (WGMD)
  • Water vapor flux enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

Francis, L., Ghaffour, N., Al-Saadi, A. A., & Amy, G. L. (2014). Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation. In AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition American Water Works Association.

Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation. / Francis, Lijo; Ghaffour, Noreddine; Al-Saadi, Ahmad A.; Amy, Gary L.

AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition. American Water Works Association, 2014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Francis, L, Ghaffour, N, Al-Saadi, AA & Amy, GL 2014, Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation. in AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition. American Water Works Association, AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition, Las Vegas, NV, United States, 10/3/14.
Francis L, Ghaffour N, Al-Saadi AA, Amy GL. Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation. In AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition. American Water Works Association. 2014
Francis, Lijo ; Ghaffour, Noreddine ; Al-Saadi, Ahmad A. ; Amy, Gary L. / Theoretical and experimental validation of water gap membrane distillation. AWWA/AMTA 2014 Membrane Technology Conference and Exposition. American Water Works Association, 2014.
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