The thick of it

Nick Hankins, Nidal Hilal, Tan Phong Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Synthetic sludge process is a biological treatment process of municipal and industrial wasterwaters to reduce public health and environmental hazards. The components of synthetic sludge include polysterene latex particles of bacterial size, alginate, fibrous cellulose, and calcium ions, which are effective for the treatment of wastewater. The photometric dispersion analysis for synthetic sludge has shown that no significant flocculation occurs without adding calcium ions and begins when Ca ion concentration reaches 15 mM. The final flocculation size increases with increase in calcium concentration and there is a shift in size distribution, which shows that calcium cations in synthetic sludge are directly involved in flocculation through cationic bridging. Dewatering is improved with the addition of synthetic sludge conditioning agents and the thickened sludge samples with 1 g/l TSS are conditioned with varying amounts of the cationic polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-43
Number of pages4
JournalChemical Engineer
Issue number792
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Calcium
Flocculation
Ions
Alginate
Latex
Dewatering
Public health
Latexes
Cellulose
Particles (particulate matter)
Cations
Hazards
Polymers
Wastewater
Positive ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Hankins, N., Hilal, N., & Nguyen, T. P. (2007). The thick of it. Chemical Engineer, (792), 40-43.

The thick of it. / Hankins, Nick; Hilal, Nidal; Nguyen, Tan Phong.

In: Chemical Engineer, No. 792, 06.2007, p. 40-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hankins, N, Hilal, N & Nguyen, TP 2007, 'The thick of it', Chemical Engineer, no. 792, pp. 40-43.
Hankins N, Hilal N, Nguyen TP. The thick of it. Chemical Engineer. 2007 Jun;(792):40-43.
Hankins, Nick ; Hilal, Nidal ; Nguyen, Tan Phong. / The thick of it. In: Chemical Engineer. 2007 ; No. 792. pp. 40-43.
@article{094594f36bc34bb99e5d0dcabbd7547d,
title = "The thick of it",
abstract = "Synthetic sludge process is a biological treatment process of municipal and industrial wasterwaters to reduce public health and environmental hazards. The components of synthetic sludge include polysterene latex particles of bacterial size, alginate, fibrous cellulose, and calcium ions, which are effective for the treatment of wastewater. The photometric dispersion analysis for synthetic sludge has shown that no significant flocculation occurs without adding calcium ions and begins when Ca ion concentration reaches 15 mM. The final flocculation size increases with increase in calcium concentration and there is a shift in size distribution, which shows that calcium cations in synthetic sludge are directly involved in flocculation through cationic bridging. Dewatering is improved with the addition of synthetic sludge conditioning agents and the thickened sludge samples with 1 g/l TSS are conditioned with varying amounts of the cationic polymers.",
author = "Nick Hankins and Nidal Hilal and Nguyen, {Tan Phong}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
language = "English",
pages = "40--43",
journal = "Chemical Engineer",
issn = "0302-0797",
publisher = "Institution of Chemical Engineers",
number = "792",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The thick of it

AU - Hankins, Nick

AU - Hilal, Nidal

AU - Nguyen, Tan Phong

PY - 2007/6

Y1 - 2007/6

N2 - Synthetic sludge process is a biological treatment process of municipal and industrial wasterwaters to reduce public health and environmental hazards. The components of synthetic sludge include polysterene latex particles of bacterial size, alginate, fibrous cellulose, and calcium ions, which are effective for the treatment of wastewater. The photometric dispersion analysis for synthetic sludge has shown that no significant flocculation occurs without adding calcium ions and begins when Ca ion concentration reaches 15 mM. The final flocculation size increases with increase in calcium concentration and there is a shift in size distribution, which shows that calcium cations in synthetic sludge are directly involved in flocculation through cationic bridging. Dewatering is improved with the addition of synthetic sludge conditioning agents and the thickened sludge samples with 1 g/l TSS are conditioned with varying amounts of the cationic polymers.

AB - Synthetic sludge process is a biological treatment process of municipal and industrial wasterwaters to reduce public health and environmental hazards. The components of synthetic sludge include polysterene latex particles of bacterial size, alginate, fibrous cellulose, and calcium ions, which are effective for the treatment of wastewater. The photometric dispersion analysis for synthetic sludge has shown that no significant flocculation occurs without adding calcium ions and begins when Ca ion concentration reaches 15 mM. The final flocculation size increases with increase in calcium concentration and there is a shift in size distribution, which shows that calcium cations in synthetic sludge are directly involved in flocculation through cationic bridging. Dewatering is improved with the addition of synthetic sludge conditioning agents and the thickened sludge samples with 1 g/l TSS are conditioned with varying amounts of the cationic polymers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38349025502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38349025502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

SP - 40

EP - 43

JO - Chemical Engineer

JF - Chemical Engineer

SN - 0302-0797

IS - 792

ER -