The repeat expansion detection (RED) method was described to detect expansions of trinucleotide repeats of unknown chromosomal location. We have improved the RED method by the use of 8-mer oligonucleotides and assessed its usefulness in 30 samples from patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1), Huntington's disease (HD), and Machado Joseph's disease (MJD), for which the number of CAG/CTG repeats was determined by sequencing. There was a good correlation between the number of repeats detected by sequencing and those identified by RED. However, in 17% of samples, the RED gave additional fragments for ligation products of different size than the CAG/CTG repeat expansion detected in the sample by sequencing. The same was observed in a group of control subjects (n = 78) without known clinical abnormalities in which products of more than 40 repeats were detected in 27% of them, indicating that CAG/CTG repeat expansions are common in the general population. Wether this corresponds to unidentified loci with expansions deserves further investigation.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Huntington's disease
- Machado Joseph's disease
- Repeat expansion detection
- Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1
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