Calcium is an important signal in key nuclear events, including cell cycle timing, regulation of gene expression, and activation of nuclear kinases and phosphatases. It is therefore important to identify calcium binding proteins in the nucleus which may play roles in these functions, and to determine whether these proteins are located in the nuclear envelope or in the nucleoplasm. Rat hepatic and pig cardiac nuclei were isolated and treated with a high salt solution to separate nucleoplasmic proteins from those associated with the nuclear envelope. The presence of calcium binding proteins was then revealed by Stains-All staining of electrophoretic gels and 45Ca2+ overlays of Western blots. Four major calcium binding proteins were putatively identified in the pig cardiac nuclei, and another three in the rat hepatic nuclei. Proteins of 110, 93 and 35 kDa were observed in the pig cardiac nuclear envelope fraction, and another of 55 kDa in the pig cardiac high salt fraction. A 93-kDa protein was observed in the rat hepatic nuclear envelope fraction, and others of 120 and 110 kDa in the rat hepatic high salt fraction. A tentative identification has been made of the 93-kDa protein in each tissue type as calnexin, and of the cardiac 55 kDa protein as calsequestrin. This study, therefore, has putatively identified for the first time the presence of several calcium binding proteins which have distinct partitioning within hepatic and cardiac nuclei. This localization may play an important functional role within the nuclei.
- Calcium binding protein
- Western blotting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine