### Abstract

In a number of applications, for example biomechanical imaging of tissue and geophysics, the goal is to recover wave speed from arrival times, the times when a wave front, initiated at a source, arrives at certain points in space. The mathematical model that relates the arrival times to the wave speed is assumed to be the Eikonal equation. Typically the measured arrival time data is noisy so that in turn the recovered wave speed is noisy. Here we assume the noise in the measured arrival times is Gaussian and show that then the recovered wave speed has noise that has an inverse Rician distribution. This latter distribution has infinite variance. Nevertheless, we show using the Kantorovich metric that for small variances in the Gaussian noise (corresponding to a small value of the shape parameter in the Rician random variable), the inverse Rician distribution can be approximated by a Gaussian distribution whose mean is the true wave speed.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 055012 |

Journal | Inverse Problems |

Volume | 33 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 24 Mar 2017 |

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### Keywords

- elastography
- geophysics
- inverse Eikonal equation
- inverse Rician distribution
- ultrasound

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Signal Processing
- Mathematical Physics
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics

### Cite this

*Inverse Problems*,

*33*(5), [055012]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6420/aa6163

**The noise distribution in a shear wave speed image computed using arrival times at fixed spatial positions.** / Jones, Jessica L.; McLaughlin, Joyce; Renzi, Paul.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Inverse Problems*, vol. 33, no. 5, 055012. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6420/aa6163

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The noise distribution in a shear wave speed image computed using arrival times at fixed spatial positions

AU - Jones, Jessica L.

AU - McLaughlin, Joyce

AU - Renzi, Paul

PY - 2017/3/24

Y1 - 2017/3/24

N2 - In a number of applications, for example biomechanical imaging of tissue and geophysics, the goal is to recover wave speed from arrival times, the times when a wave front, initiated at a source, arrives at certain points in space. The mathematical model that relates the arrival times to the wave speed is assumed to be the Eikonal equation. Typically the measured arrival time data is noisy so that in turn the recovered wave speed is noisy. Here we assume the noise in the measured arrival times is Gaussian and show that then the recovered wave speed has noise that has an inverse Rician distribution. This latter distribution has infinite variance. Nevertheless, we show using the Kantorovich metric that for small variances in the Gaussian noise (corresponding to a small value of the shape parameter in the Rician random variable), the inverse Rician distribution can be approximated by a Gaussian distribution whose mean is the true wave speed.

AB - In a number of applications, for example biomechanical imaging of tissue and geophysics, the goal is to recover wave speed from arrival times, the times when a wave front, initiated at a source, arrives at certain points in space. The mathematical model that relates the arrival times to the wave speed is assumed to be the Eikonal equation. Typically the measured arrival time data is noisy so that in turn the recovered wave speed is noisy. Here we assume the noise in the measured arrival times is Gaussian and show that then the recovered wave speed has noise that has an inverse Rician distribution. This latter distribution has infinite variance. Nevertheless, we show using the Kantorovich metric that for small variances in the Gaussian noise (corresponding to a small value of the shape parameter in the Rician random variable), the inverse Rician distribution can be approximated by a Gaussian distribution whose mean is the true wave speed.

KW - elastography

KW - geophysics

KW - inverse Eikonal equation

KW - inverse Rician distribution

KW - ultrasound

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85019136227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85019136227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6420/aa6163

DO - 10.1088/1361-6420/aa6163

M3 - Article

VL - 33

JO - Inverse Problems

JF - Inverse Problems

SN - 0266-5611

IS - 5

M1 - 055012

ER -