The NH2 tail of the novel histone variant H2BFWT exhibits properties distinct from conventional H2B with respect to the assembly of mitotic chromosomes

Mathieu Boulard, Thierry Gautier, Gaelh Ouengue Mbele, Véronique Gerson, Ali Hamiche, Dimitar Angelov, Philippe Bouvet, Stefan Dimitrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the functional and structural properties of nucleosomes reconstituted with H2BFWT, a recently identified putative histone variant of the H2B family with totally unknown function. We show that H2BFWT can replace the conventional histone H2B in the nucleosome. The presence of H2BFWT did not affect the overall structure of the nucleosome, and the H2BFWT nucleosomes exhibited the same stability as conventional nucleosomes. SWI/SNF was able to efficiently remodel and mobilize the H2BFWT nucleosomes. Importantly, H2BFWT, in contrast to conventional H2B, was unable to recruit chromosome condensation factors and to participate in the assembly of mitotic chromosomes. This was determined by the highly divergent (compared to conventional H2B) NH2 tail of H2BFWT. These data, in combination with the observations that H2BFWT was found by others in the sperm nuclei and appeared to be associated with the telomeric chromatin, suggest that H2BFWT could act as a specific epigenetic marker.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1518-1526
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Nucleosomes
Histones
Chromosomes
Epigenomics
Chromatin
Spermatozoa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The NH2 tail of the novel histone variant H2BFWT exhibits properties distinct from conventional H2B with respect to the assembly of mitotic chromosomes. / Boulard, Mathieu; Gautier, Thierry; Mbele, Gaelh Ouengue; Gerson, Véronique; Hamiche, Ali; Angelov, Dimitar; Bouvet, Philippe; Dimitrov, Stefan.

In: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Vol. 26, No. 4, 02.2006, p. 1518-1526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Boulard, Mathieu ; Gautier, Thierry ; Mbele, Gaelh Ouengue ; Gerson, Véronique ; Hamiche, Ali ; Angelov, Dimitar ; Bouvet, Philippe ; Dimitrov, Stefan. / The NH2 tail of the novel histone variant H2BFWT exhibits properties distinct from conventional H2B with respect to the assembly of mitotic chromosomes. In: Molecular and Cellular Biology. 2006 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 1518-1526.
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