The Neuropad test: A visual indicator test for human diabetic neuropathy

C. Quattrini, M. Jeziorska, M. Tavakoli, P. Begum, A. J.M. Boulton, R. A. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: The commercially available Neuropad test was developed as a simple visual indicator test to evaluate diabetic neuropathy. It uses a colour change to define the integrity of skin sympathetic cholinergic innervation. We compared the results of Neuropad assessment in the foot with established measures of somatic and autonomic neuropathy. Methods: Fifty-seven diabetic patients underwent Neuropad assessment, quantitative sensory and autonomic function testing, and evaluation of intra-epidermal nerve fibre density in foot skin biopsies. Results: Neuropad responses correlated with the neuropathy disability score (rs=0.450, p<0.001), neuropathic symptom score (rs=0.288, p=0.03), cold detection threshold (rs=0.394, p=0.003), heat-as-pain perception threshold visual analogue score 0.5 (r s=0.279, p=0.043) and deep-breathing heart rate variability (r s=-0.525, p<0.001). Intra-epidermal nerve fibre density (fibres/mm) compared with age- and sex-matched control subjects (11.06±0.82) was non-significantly reduced (7.37±0.93) in diabetic patients with a normal Neuropad response and significantly reduced in patients with a patchy (5.01±0.93) or absent (5.02±0.77) response (p=0.02). The sensitivity of an abnormal Neuropad response in detecting clinical neuropathy (neuropathy disability score ≥5) was 85% (negative predictive value 71%) and the specificity was 45% (positive predictive value 69%). Conclusions/interpretation: The Neuropad test may be a simple indicator for screening patients with diabetic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1046-1050
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetologia
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Autonomic neuropathy
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Skin innervation
  • Sudomotor dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Quattrini, C., Jeziorska, M., Tavakoli, M., Begum, P., Boulton, A. J. M., & Malik, R. A. (2008). The Neuropad test: A visual indicator test for human diabetic neuropathy. Diabetologia, 51(6), 1046-1050. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-008-0987-y