The need for integrated water management in Kuwait

M. A. Darwish, Fatimah M. Al Awadhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The water problem in Kuwait is outlined. The only natural water resource available is the ground water, which is extremely limited, exhausted, and non-replenished. Its exploitation not only should be stopped, but it should be recharged to serve as strategic water storage. The potable water demand is mainly satisfied by desalting seawater, using the multi stage flash MSF desalting system. This method is inefficient, energy wise, very costly, and should be replaced with more energy efficient desalting system such as seawater reverse osmosis SWRO system. This can save up three-fourth of the fuel energy used for desalination and substantially reduces the desalting water cost. Another non-conventional water resource is the treated wastewater. It should be fully utilized since its cost is much cheaper than desalting seawater or brackish water, and its amount increases with the increase of population and their consumption. The per capita water consumption in extremely high, and should be reduced through an effective water demand management program. The fresh water production in Kuwait can satisfy more than twice the water demand if the water is used wisely.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-214
Number of pages11
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume11
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Water management
water demand
water management
Salt removal
seawater
water resource
energy
Water
water storage
brackish water
Seawater
desalination
natural resource
drinking water
Water resources
wastewater
water
groundwater
cost
need

Keywords

  • Integrated water management
  • Kuwait

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

The need for integrated water management in Kuwait. / Darwish, M. A.; Al Awadhi, Fatimah M.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 11, No. 1-3, 01.11.2009, p. 204-214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Darwish, M. A. ; Al Awadhi, Fatimah M. / The need for integrated water management in Kuwait. In: Desalination and Water Treatment. 2009 ; Vol. 11, No. 1-3. pp. 204-214.
@article{4d1639b2c9e345739f66a6ab4b2952d7,
title = "The need for integrated water management in Kuwait",
abstract = "The water problem in Kuwait is outlined. The only natural water resource available is the ground water, which is extremely limited, exhausted, and non-replenished. Its exploitation not only should be stopped, but it should be recharged to serve as strategic water storage. The potable water demand is mainly satisfied by desalting seawater, using the multi stage flash MSF desalting system. This method is inefficient, energy wise, very costly, and should be replaced with more energy efficient desalting system such as seawater reverse osmosis SWRO system. This can save up three-fourth of the fuel energy used for desalination and substantially reduces the desalting water cost. Another non-conventional water resource is the treated wastewater. It should be fully utilized since its cost is much cheaper than desalting seawater or brackish water, and its amount increases with the increase of population and their consumption. The per capita water consumption in extremely high, and should be reduced through an effective water demand management program. The fresh water production in Kuwait can satisfy more than twice the water demand if the water is used wisely.",
keywords = "Integrated water management, Kuwait",
author = "Darwish, {M. A.} and {Al Awadhi}, {Fatimah M.}",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5004/dwt.2009 802",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "204--214",
journal = "Desalination and Water Treatment",
issn = "1944-3994",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The need for integrated water management in Kuwait

AU - Darwish, M. A.

AU - Al Awadhi, Fatimah M.

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - The water problem in Kuwait is outlined. The only natural water resource available is the ground water, which is extremely limited, exhausted, and non-replenished. Its exploitation not only should be stopped, but it should be recharged to serve as strategic water storage. The potable water demand is mainly satisfied by desalting seawater, using the multi stage flash MSF desalting system. This method is inefficient, energy wise, very costly, and should be replaced with more energy efficient desalting system such as seawater reverse osmosis SWRO system. This can save up three-fourth of the fuel energy used for desalination and substantially reduces the desalting water cost. Another non-conventional water resource is the treated wastewater. It should be fully utilized since its cost is much cheaper than desalting seawater or brackish water, and its amount increases with the increase of population and their consumption. The per capita water consumption in extremely high, and should be reduced through an effective water demand management program. The fresh water production in Kuwait can satisfy more than twice the water demand if the water is used wisely.

AB - The water problem in Kuwait is outlined. The only natural water resource available is the ground water, which is extremely limited, exhausted, and non-replenished. Its exploitation not only should be stopped, but it should be recharged to serve as strategic water storage. The potable water demand is mainly satisfied by desalting seawater, using the multi stage flash MSF desalting system. This method is inefficient, energy wise, very costly, and should be replaced with more energy efficient desalting system such as seawater reverse osmosis SWRO system. This can save up three-fourth of the fuel energy used for desalination and substantially reduces the desalting water cost. Another non-conventional water resource is the treated wastewater. It should be fully utilized since its cost is much cheaper than desalting seawater or brackish water, and its amount increases with the increase of population and their consumption. The per capita water consumption in extremely high, and should be reduced through an effective water demand management program. The fresh water production in Kuwait can satisfy more than twice the water demand if the water is used wisely.

KW - Integrated water management

KW - Kuwait

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954223528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77954223528&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5004/dwt.2009 802

DO - 10.5004/dwt.2009 802

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 204

EP - 214

JO - Desalination and Water Treatment

JF - Desalination and Water Treatment

SN - 1944-3994

IS - 1-3

ER -