The missing link

Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey

S. K. Leggett, T. R. Geballe, Xiaohui Fan, Donald P. Schneider, James E. Gunn, Robert H. Lupton, G. R. Knapp, Michael A. Strauss, Alex Mcdaniel, David A. Golimowski, Todd J. Henry, Eric Peng, Zlatan Tsvetanov, Alan Uomoto, Wei Zheng, G. J. Hill, L. W. Ramsey, Scott F. Anderson, James A. Annis, Neta A. Bahcall & 15 others J. Brinkmann, Bing Chen, István Csabai, Masataka Fukugita, G. S. Hennessy, Robert B. Hindsley, Željko Ivezić, D. Q. Lamb, Jeffrey A. Munn, Jeffrey R. Pier, David J. Schlegel, J. Allyn Smith, Chris Stoughton, A. R. Thakar, Donald G. York

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the discovery of three cool brown dwarfs that fall in the effective temperature gap between the latest L dwarfs currently known, with no methane absorption bands in the 1-2.5 μm range, and the previously known methane (T) dwarfs, whose spectra are dominated by methane and water. The newly discovered objects were detected as very red objects in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data and have JHK colors between the red L dwarfs and the blue Gl 229B-like T dwarfs. They show both CO and CH4 absorption in their near-infrared spectra in addition to H2O, with weaker CH4 absorption features in the H and K bands than those in all other methane dwarfs reported to date. Due to the presence of CH4 in these bands, we propose that these objects are early T dwarfs. The three form part of the brown dwarf spectral sequence and fill in the large gap in the overall spectral sequence from the hottest main-sequence stars to the coolest methane dwarfs currently known.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume536
Issue number1 PART 2
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

methane
hot stars
main sequence stars
extremely high frequencies
near infrared
infrared spectra
absorption spectra
color
water
temperature

Keywords

  • Stars: low-mass, brown dwarfs
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Leggett, S. K., Geballe, T. R., Fan, X., Schneider, D. P., Gunn, J. E., Lupton, R. H., ... York, D. G. (2000). The missing link: Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey. Astrophysical Journal, 536(1 PART 2).

The missing link : Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey. / Leggett, S. K.; Geballe, T. R.; Fan, Xiaohui; Schneider, Donald P.; Gunn, James E.; Lupton, Robert H.; Knapp, G. R.; Strauss, Michael A.; Mcdaniel, Alex; Golimowski, David A.; Henry, Todd J.; Peng, Eric; Tsvetanov, Zlatan; Uomoto, Alan; Zheng, Wei; Hill, G. J.; Ramsey, L. W.; Anderson, Scott F.; Annis, James A.; Bahcall, Neta A.; Brinkmann, J.; Chen, Bing; Csabai, István; Fukugita, Masataka; Hennessy, G. S.; Hindsley, Robert B.; Ivezić, Željko; Lamb, D. Q.; Munn, Jeffrey A.; Pier, Jeffrey R.; Schlegel, David J.; Smith, J. Allyn; Stoughton, Chris; Thakar, A. R.; York, Donald G.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 536, No. 1 PART 2, 10.06.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leggett, SK, Geballe, TR, Fan, X, Schneider, DP, Gunn, JE, Lupton, RH, Knapp, GR, Strauss, MA, Mcdaniel, A, Golimowski, DA, Henry, TJ, Peng, E, Tsvetanov, Z, Uomoto, A, Zheng, W, Hill, GJ, Ramsey, LW, Anderson, SF, Annis, JA, Bahcall, NA, Brinkmann, J, Chen, B, Csabai, I, Fukugita, M, Hennessy, GS, Hindsley, RB, Ivezić, Ž, Lamb, DQ, Munn, JA, Pier, JR, Schlegel, DJ, Smith, JA, Stoughton, C, Thakar, AR & York, DG 2000, 'The missing link: Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 536, no. 1 PART 2.
Leggett SK, Geballe TR, Fan X, Schneider DP, Gunn JE, Lupton RH et al. The missing link: Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey. Astrophysical Journal. 2000 Jun 10;536(1 PART 2).
Leggett, S. K. ; Geballe, T. R. ; Fan, Xiaohui ; Schneider, Donald P. ; Gunn, James E. ; Lupton, Robert H. ; Knapp, G. R. ; Strauss, Michael A. ; Mcdaniel, Alex ; Golimowski, David A. ; Henry, Todd J. ; Peng, Eric ; Tsvetanov, Zlatan ; Uomoto, Alan ; Zheng, Wei ; Hill, G. J. ; Ramsey, L. W. ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Annis, James A. ; Bahcall, Neta A. ; Brinkmann, J. ; Chen, Bing ; Csabai, István ; Fukugita, Masataka ; Hennessy, G. S. ; Hindsley, Robert B. ; Ivezić, Željko ; Lamb, D. Q. ; Munn, Jeffrey A. ; Pier, Jeffrey R. ; Schlegel, David J. ; Smith, J. Allyn ; Stoughton, Chris ; Thakar, A. R. ; York, Donald G. / The missing link : Early methane ("T") dwarfs in the sloan digital Sky Survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2000 ; Vol. 536, No. 1 PART 2.
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AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Gunn, James E.

AU - Lupton, Robert H.

AU - Knapp, G. R.

AU - Strauss, Michael A.

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AU - Golimowski, David A.

AU - Henry, Todd J.

AU - Peng, Eric

AU - Tsvetanov, Zlatan

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AU - Munn, Jeffrey A.

AU - Pier, Jeffrey R.

AU - Schlegel, David J.

AU - Smith, J. Allyn

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AU - Thakar, A. R.

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