The immunologic constant of rejection classification refines the prognostic value of conventional prognostic signatures in breast cancer

François Bertucci, Pascal Finetti, Ines Simeone, Wouter R. Hendrickx, Ena Wang, Francesco M. Marincola, Patrice Viens, Emilie Mamessier, Michele Ceccarelli, Daniel Birnbaum, Davide Bedognetti

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The immunologic constant of rejection (ICR) is a broad phenomenon of Th-1 immunity-mediated, tissue-specific destruction. Methods: We tested the prognostic value of a 20-gene ICR expression signature in 8766 early breast cancers. Results: Thirty-three percent of tumours were ICR1, 29% ICR2, 23% ICR3, and 15% ICR4. In univariate analysis, ICR4 was associated with a 36% reduction in risk of metastatic relapse when compared with ICR1-3 (p = 2.30E–03). In multivariate analysis including notably the three major prognostic signatures (Recurrence score, 70-gene signature, ROR-P), ICR was the strongest predictive variable (p = 9.80E–04). ICR showed no prognostic value in the HR+/HER2− subtype, but prognostic value in the HER2+ and TN subtypes. Furthermore, in each molecular subtype and among the tumours defined as high risk by the three prognostic signatures, ICR4 patients had a 41–75% reduction in risk of relapse as compared with ICR1-3 patients. ICR added significant prognostic information to that provided by the clinico-genomic models in the overall population and in each molecular subtype. ICR4 was independently associated with achievement of pathological complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (p = 2.97E–04). Conclusion: ICR signature adds prognostic information to that of current proliferation-based signatures, with which it could be integrated to improve patients’ stratification and guide adjuvant treatment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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