The Human Alveolar Macrophage

Gary W. Hunninghake, James E. Gadek, Susan V. Szapiel, Ira J. Strumpf, Oichi Kawanami, Victor J. Ferrans, Brendan A. Keogh, Ronald Crystal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the different aspects of human alveolar macrophage. Alveolar macrophages are part of a family of mononuclear phagocytic cells that are widely scattered throughout the body. A primary function of alveolar macrophages is to keep the alveolar surfaces of the lung sterile and free of debris. Alveolar macrophages and lung lymphocytes can be obtained directly from lung biopsy specimens by placing the specimens immediately in sterile heparinized saline at 4°C at the time of thorocotomy. One of the critical determinants of the ability of alveolar macrophages to function and/or survive is whether they are attached to a surface or are suspended in a fluid. Macrophages attached to a surface synthesize greater amounts of protein for longer periods of time and are more efficient at phagocytosis than suspended cells. The ability of the alveolar macrophage to ingest and kill microorganisms has been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro in many types of animal models. The alveolar macrophage may also function to remove various abnormal cells in its environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-112
Number of pages18
JournalMethods in Cell Biology
Volume21
Issue numberC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1980
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Alveolar Macrophages
Lung
Period Circadian Proteins
Cytophagocytosis
Phagocytes
Animal Models
Macrophages
Lymphocytes
Biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Hunninghake, G. W., Gadek, J. E., Szapiel, S. V., Strumpf, I. J., Kawanami, O., Ferrans, V. J., ... Crystal, R. (1980). The Human Alveolar Macrophage. Methods in Cell Biology, 21(C), 95-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8

The Human Alveolar Macrophage. / Hunninghake, Gary W.; Gadek, James E.; Szapiel, Susan V.; Strumpf, Ira J.; Kawanami, Oichi; Ferrans, Victor J.; Keogh, Brendan A.; Crystal, Ronald.

In: Methods in Cell Biology, Vol. 21, No. C, 01.01.1980, p. 95-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hunninghake, GW, Gadek, JE, Szapiel, SV, Strumpf, IJ, Kawanami, O, Ferrans, VJ, Keogh, BA & Crystal, R 1980, 'The Human Alveolar Macrophage', Methods in Cell Biology, vol. 21, no. C, pp. 95-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8
Hunninghake GW, Gadek JE, Szapiel SV, Strumpf IJ, Kawanami O, Ferrans VJ et al. The Human Alveolar Macrophage. Methods in Cell Biology. 1980 Jan 1;21(C):95-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8
Hunninghake, Gary W. ; Gadek, James E. ; Szapiel, Susan V. ; Strumpf, Ira J. ; Kawanami, Oichi ; Ferrans, Victor J. ; Keogh, Brendan A. ; Crystal, Ronald. / The Human Alveolar Macrophage. In: Methods in Cell Biology. 1980 ; Vol. 21, No. C. pp. 95-112.
@article{7e5ec2de36f94a808d13fc0006486ccb,
title = "The Human Alveolar Macrophage",
abstract = "This chapter discusses the different aspects of human alveolar macrophage. Alveolar macrophages are part of a family of mononuclear phagocytic cells that are widely scattered throughout the body. A primary function of alveolar macrophages is to keep the alveolar surfaces of the lung sterile and free of debris. Alveolar macrophages and lung lymphocytes can be obtained directly from lung biopsy specimens by placing the specimens immediately in sterile heparinized saline at 4°C at the time of thorocotomy. One of the critical determinants of the ability of alveolar macrophages to function and/or survive is whether they are attached to a surface or are suspended in a fluid. Macrophages attached to a surface synthesize greater amounts of protein for longer periods of time and are more efficient at phagocytosis than suspended cells. The ability of the alveolar macrophage to ingest and kill microorganisms has been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro in many types of animal models. The alveolar macrophage may also function to remove various abnormal cells in its environment.",
author = "Hunninghake, {Gary W.} and Gadek, {James E.} and Szapiel, {Susan V.} and Strumpf, {Ira J.} and Oichi Kawanami and Ferrans, {Victor J.} and Keogh, {Brendan A.} and Ronald Crystal",
year = "1980",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "95--112",
journal = "Methods in Cell Biology",
issn = "0091-679X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "C",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Human Alveolar Macrophage

AU - Hunninghake, Gary W.

AU - Gadek, James E.

AU - Szapiel, Susan V.

AU - Strumpf, Ira J.

AU - Kawanami, Oichi

AU - Ferrans, Victor J.

AU - Keogh, Brendan A.

AU - Crystal, Ronald

PY - 1980/1/1

Y1 - 1980/1/1

N2 - This chapter discusses the different aspects of human alveolar macrophage. Alveolar macrophages are part of a family of mononuclear phagocytic cells that are widely scattered throughout the body. A primary function of alveolar macrophages is to keep the alveolar surfaces of the lung sterile and free of debris. Alveolar macrophages and lung lymphocytes can be obtained directly from lung biopsy specimens by placing the specimens immediately in sterile heparinized saline at 4°C at the time of thorocotomy. One of the critical determinants of the ability of alveolar macrophages to function and/or survive is whether they are attached to a surface or are suspended in a fluid. Macrophages attached to a surface synthesize greater amounts of protein for longer periods of time and are more efficient at phagocytosis than suspended cells. The ability of the alveolar macrophage to ingest and kill microorganisms has been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro in many types of animal models. The alveolar macrophage may also function to remove various abnormal cells in its environment.

AB - This chapter discusses the different aspects of human alveolar macrophage. Alveolar macrophages are part of a family of mononuclear phagocytic cells that are widely scattered throughout the body. A primary function of alveolar macrophages is to keep the alveolar surfaces of the lung sterile and free of debris. Alveolar macrophages and lung lymphocytes can be obtained directly from lung biopsy specimens by placing the specimens immediately in sterile heparinized saline at 4°C at the time of thorocotomy. One of the critical determinants of the ability of alveolar macrophages to function and/or survive is whether they are attached to a surface or are suspended in a fluid. Macrophages attached to a surface synthesize greater amounts of protein for longer periods of time and are more efficient at phagocytosis than suspended cells. The ability of the alveolar macrophage to ingest and kill microorganisms has been demonstrated in vivo and in vitro in many types of animal models. The alveolar macrophage may also function to remove various abnormal cells in its environment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018892446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018892446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8

DO - 10.1016/S0091-679X(08)60760-8

M3 - Article

C2 - 6997688

AN - SCOPUS:0018892446

VL - 21

SP - 95

EP - 112

JO - Methods in Cell Biology

JF - Methods in Cell Biology

SN - 0091-679X

IS - C

ER -