The evolution path of 4G networks: FDD or TDD?

Peter Wing Chau Chan, Ernest S. Lo, Ray R. Wang, Edward K.S. Au, Vincent K.N. Lau, Roger S. Cheng, Wai Ho Mow, Ross D. Murch, Khaled Ben Letaief

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)


Frequency-division duplexing and time-division duplexing are two common duplexing methods used in various wireless systems. However, there are advantages and technical issues associated with them. In this article we discuss in detail the features, and the design and implementation challenges of FDD and TDD systems for 4G wireless systems. In particular, we present a number of advantages and flexibilities an TDD system can bring to 4G systems that an FDD system cannot offer, and identify the major challenges, including cross-slot interference, in applying TDD in practice. Due to the fact that cross-slot interference is one of the critical challenges to employing TDD in cellular networks, we also provide a quantitative analysis on its impact on co-channel and adjacent channel interfering cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Chan, P. W. C., Lo, E. S., Wang, R. R., Au, E. K. S., Lau, V. K. N., Cheng, R. S., Mow, W. H., Murch, R. D., & Letaief, K. B. (2006). The evolution path of 4G networks: FDD or TDD? IEEE Communications Magazine, 44(12), 42-50.