The epidemiology of HIV infection in Morocco: Systematic review and data synthesis

S. P. Kouyoumjian, G. R. Mumtaz, N. Hilmi, A. Zidouh, H. El Rhilani, K. Alami, A. Bennani, E. Gouws, P. D. Ghys, L. J. Abu-Raddad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morocco has made significant strides in building its HIV research capacity. Based on a wealth of empirical data, the objective of this study was to conduct a comprehensive and systematic literature review and analytical synthesis of HIV epidemiological evidence in this country. Data were retrieved using three major sources of literature and data. HIV transmission dynamics were found to be focused in high-risk populations, with female sex workers (FSWs) and clients contributing the largest share of new HIV infections. There is a pattern of emerging epidemics among some high-risk populations, and some epidemics, particularly among FSWs, appear to be established and stable. The scale of the local HIV epidemics and populations affected show highly heterogeneous geographical distribution. To optimize the national HIV response, surveillance and prevention efforts need to be expanded among high-risk populations and in geographic settings where low intensity and possibly concentrated HIV epidemics are emerging or are already endemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-516
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013

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Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • Morocco
  • Review
  • epidemiology
  • prevalence
  • sexually transmitted infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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