The effect of mnemonic training on perceived recall confidence in the elderly

Robert D. Hill, Javaid Sheikh, Jerome Yesavage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of memory training on the relationship between perceived recall confidence and recall performance. The sample consisted of 76 elderly, community dwelling volunteers. Fifty-nine individuals received eight hours of memory training; the remaining 17 were wait-list controls. Participants were tested at pre- and post-intervention, and rated their confidence for recall of name-face pairs prior to each testing. The results showed a significant improvement in name-face recall at post test, favoring the group receiving mnemonic training. There was a significant association found between confidence ratings and recall performance at post-test. A closer examination of standardized regression residuals (confidence ratings and number of name-face pairs recalled) revealed that with mnemonic training, there was an improvement in the relationship between perceived confidence and recall performance following mnemonic training. The results suggest that the ability to assess changes in recall capacity and to judge future memory performance is enhanced by exposure to mnemonic training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Learning
Names
Independent Living
Aptitude
Mnemonics
Confidence
Volunteers
Rating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Ageing
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The effect of mnemonic training on perceived recall confidence in the elderly. / Hill, Robert D.; Sheikh, Javaid; Yesavage, Jerome.

In: Experimental Aging Research, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1987, p. 185-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hill, Robert D. ; Sheikh, Javaid ; Yesavage, Jerome. / The effect of mnemonic training on perceived recall confidence in the elderly. In: Experimental Aging Research. 1987 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 185-188.
@article{2b30400f21dc43cd96cf3fbb490a779d,
title = "The effect of mnemonic training on perceived recall confidence in the elderly",
abstract = "This study examined the effects of memory training on the relationship between perceived recall confidence and recall performance. The sample consisted of 76 elderly, community dwelling volunteers. Fifty-nine individuals received eight hours of memory training; the remaining 17 were wait-list controls. Participants were tested at pre- and post-intervention, and rated their confidence for recall of name-face pairs prior to each testing. The results showed a significant improvement in name-face recall at post test, favoring the group receiving mnemonic training. There was a significant association found between confidence ratings and recall performance at post-test. A closer examination of standardized regression residuals (confidence ratings and number of name-face pairs recalled) revealed that with mnemonic training, there was an improvement in the relationship between perceived confidence and recall performance following mnemonic training. The results suggest that the ability to assess changes in recall capacity and to judge future memory performance is enhanced by exposure to mnemonic training.",
author = "Hill, {Robert D.} and Javaid Sheikh and Jerome Yesavage",
year = "1987",
doi = "10.1080/03610738708259323",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "185--188",
journal = "Experimental Aging Research",
issn = "0361-073X",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of mnemonic training on perceived recall confidence in the elderly

AU - Hill, Robert D.

AU - Sheikh, Javaid

AU - Yesavage, Jerome

PY - 1987

Y1 - 1987

N2 - This study examined the effects of memory training on the relationship between perceived recall confidence and recall performance. The sample consisted of 76 elderly, community dwelling volunteers. Fifty-nine individuals received eight hours of memory training; the remaining 17 were wait-list controls. Participants were tested at pre- and post-intervention, and rated their confidence for recall of name-face pairs prior to each testing. The results showed a significant improvement in name-face recall at post test, favoring the group receiving mnemonic training. There was a significant association found between confidence ratings and recall performance at post-test. A closer examination of standardized regression residuals (confidence ratings and number of name-face pairs recalled) revealed that with mnemonic training, there was an improvement in the relationship between perceived confidence and recall performance following mnemonic training. The results suggest that the ability to assess changes in recall capacity and to judge future memory performance is enhanced by exposure to mnemonic training.

AB - This study examined the effects of memory training on the relationship between perceived recall confidence and recall performance. The sample consisted of 76 elderly, community dwelling volunteers. Fifty-nine individuals received eight hours of memory training; the remaining 17 were wait-list controls. Participants were tested at pre- and post-intervention, and rated their confidence for recall of name-face pairs prior to each testing. The results showed a significant improvement in name-face recall at post test, favoring the group receiving mnemonic training. There was a significant association found between confidence ratings and recall performance at post-test. A closer examination of standardized regression residuals (confidence ratings and number of name-face pairs recalled) revealed that with mnemonic training, there was an improvement in the relationship between perceived confidence and recall performance following mnemonic training. The results suggest that the ability to assess changes in recall capacity and to judge future memory performance is enhanced by exposure to mnemonic training.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023494507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023494507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/03610738708259323

DO - 10.1080/03610738708259323

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 185

EP - 188

JO - Experimental Aging Research

JF - Experimental Aging Research

SN - 0361-073X

IS - 4

ER -