The advanced camera for the hubble space telescope

Holland Ford, Frank Bko, Pierre Bely, Thomas Broadhurst, Chris Burrows, Edward Cheng, Mark Clampin, Jim Crocker, Paul Feldman, David Golimowski, George Hartig, Garth Illingworth, Randy Kimble, Michael Lesse, George Miley, Susan Neff, Marc Postnan, William Sparks, Zlatan Tsvetanov, Rick WhitePamela Sullivan, Carolyn Krebs, Douglas Leviton, Tom LaJeunessec, Bill Burmestet, Sherri Fike, Rich Johnson, Bob Slusher, Paul Volmet, Bob Woodruff

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Advanced Camera for the Hubble Space Telescope has three cameras. The first, the Wide Field Camera, will be a highthroughput (44% at 600 nm, including the HST OTA), wide field (200×204), 4096 x 4096 pixel CCD optical and I-band camera that is half-crifically sampled at 500 nm. The second, the High Resolution Camera (HRC), is a 1024 x 1024 pixel CCD camera that is critically sampled at 500 nm. The HRC has a 26×29 field of view and 29% throughput at 250 nm. The HRC optical path includes a coronagraph that will improve the HST contrast near bright objects by a factor of.40 at 900 nm. The third camera, the Solar-Blind Camera, is a far-ultraviolet, pulse-counting array that has a relatively high throughput (6% at 121.6 urn) over a 26×29 field of view. The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) will increase HST's capability for surveys and discovery by a factor of -10 at 800 nm. The ACS science team will use -60% of its dedicated time to make deep surveys of 15 clusters of galaxies at redshifts between 0.2 and 2. We will map the large-scale distribution of dark matter around two low redshift rich clusters and investigate the evolution of galaxies and clusters of galaxies between redshifts of 0.5 and 1. We will study young galaxies and clusters of galaxies in fields centered on high-redshift radio galaxies. HRC images of an unbiased sample of early-type galaxies will be searched for small (r 100 pc) nuclear disks; subsequent spectroscopic observations of the disks will be used to measure the central masses to determine if massive black holes are present. We will use the HRC coronagraph to take broad-band, narrow-band, and polarimeiric images of quasars and BL Lacs at redshifts between 0.2 and 0.5. We will use a novel polarimetric technique to measure geometric distances to galaxies and provide independent measures of H0. The coronagraph will be used to search nearby stars for proto-planetary disks, brown dwarf companions, and planets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-248
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3356
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998
EventSpace Telescopes and Instruments V - Kona, HI, United States
Duration: 20 Mar 199820 Mar 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Ford, H., Bko, F., Bely, P., Broadhurst, T., Burrows, C., Cheng, E., Clampin, M., Crocker, J., Feldman, P., Golimowski, D., Hartig, G., Illingworth, G., Kimble, R., Lesse, M., Miley, G., Neff, S., Postnan, M., Sparks, W., Tsvetanov, Z., ... Woodruff, B. (1998). The advanced camera for the hubble space telescope. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 3356, 234-248. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.324464