Targeted sequencing identifies novel variants involved in autosomal recessive hereditary hearing loss in Qatari families

Moza K. Al-Kowari, Diego Vozzi, Shruti Bhagat, Navaneethakrishnan Krishnamoorthy, Anna Morgan, Yousra Hayder, Barathy W. Logendra, Nehal Najjar, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Ramin Badii, Giorgia Girotto, Khalid Abdulhadi

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hereditary hearing loss is characterized by a very high genetic heterogeneity. In the Qatari population the role of GJB2, the worldwide HHL major player, seems to be quite limited compared to Caucasian populations. In this study we analysed 18 Qatari families affected by non-syndromic hearing loss using a targeted sequencing approach that allowed us to analyse 81 genes simultaneously. Thanks to this approach, 50% of these families (9 out of 18) resulted positive for the presence of likely causative alleles in 6 different genes: CDH23, MYO6, GJB6, OTOF, TMC1 and OTOA. In particular, 4 novel alleles were detected while the remaining ones were already described to be associated to HHL in other ethnic groups. Molecular modelling has been used to further investigate the role of novel alleles identified in CDH23 and TMC1 genes demonstrating their crucial role in Ca2+ binding and therefore possible functional role in proteins. Present study showed that an accurate molecular diagnosis based on next generation sequencing technologies might largely improve molecular diagnostics outcome leading to benefits for both genetic counseling and definition of recurrence risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume800-802
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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