Tailoring porosity in carbon nanospheres for lithium-sulfur battery cathodes

Guang He, Scott Evers, Xiao Liang, Marine Cuisinier, Arnd Garsuch, Linda F. Nazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

310 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous hollow carbon spheres with different tailored pore structures have been designed as conducting frameworks for lithium-sulfur battery cathode materials that exhibit stable cycling capacity. By deliberately creating shell porosity and utilizing the interior void volume of the carbon spheres, sufficient space for sulfur storage as well as electrolyte pathways is guaranteed. The effect of different approaches to develop shell porosity is examined and compared in this study. The most highly optimized sulfur-porous carbon nanosphere composite, created using pore-formers to tailor shell porosity, exhibits excellent cycling performance and rate capability. Sulfur is primarily confined in 4-5 nm mesopores in the carbon shell and inner lining of the shells, which is beneficial for enhancing charge transfer and accommodating volume expansion of sulfur during redox cycling. Little capacity degradation (∼0.1% /cycle) is observed over 100 cycles for the optimized material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10920-10930
Number of pages11
JournalACS Nano
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • hollow nanospheres
  • lithium-sulfur battery
  • mesoporous carbon
  • sulfur cathode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

He, G., Evers, S., Liang, X., Cuisinier, M., Garsuch, A., & Nazar, L. F. (2013). Tailoring porosity in carbon nanospheres for lithium-sulfur battery cathodes. ACS Nano, 7(12), 10920-10930. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn404439r