Tailoring motivational health messages for smoking cessation using an mHealth recommender system integrated with an electronic health record

A study protocol

Santiago Hors-Fraile, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit, Dimitris Spachos, Panagiotis Bamidis, Hein De Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Smoking is one of the most avoidable health risk factors, and yet the quitting success rates are low. The usage of tailored health messages to support quitting has been proved to increase quitting success rates. Technology can provide convenient means to deliver tailored health messages. Health recommender systems are information-filtering algorithms that can choose the most relevant health-related items - for instance, motivational messages aimed at smoking cessation - for each user based on his or her profile. The goals of this study are to analyze the perceived quality of an mHealth recommender system aimed at smoking cessation, and to assess the level of engagement with the messages delivered to users via this medium. Methods: Patients participating in a smoking cessation program will be provided with a mobile app to receive tailored motivational health messages selected by a health recommender system, based on their profile retrieved from an electronic health record as the initial knowledge source. Patients' feedback on the messages and their interactions with the app will be analyzed and evaluated following an observational prospective methodology to a) assess the perceived quality of the mobile-based health recommender system and the messages, using the precision and time-to-read metrics and an 18-item questionnaire delivered to all patients who complete the program, and b) measure patient engagement with the mobile-based health recommender system using aggregated data analytic metrics like session frequency and, to determine the individual-level engagement, the rate of read messages for each user. This paper details the implementation and evaluation protocol that will be followed. Discussion: This study will explore whether a health recommender system algorithm integrated with an electronic health record can predict which tailored motivational health messages patients would prefer and consider to be of a good quality, encouraging them to engage with the system. The outcomes of this study will help future researchers design better tailored motivational message-sending recommender systems for smoking cessation to increase patient engagement, reduce attrition, and, as a result, increase the rates of smoking cessation. Trial registration: The trial was registered at clinicaltrials.org under the ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03206619 on July 2nd 2017. Retrospectively registered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number698
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2018

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Telemedicine
Electronic Health Records
Smoking Cessation
Health
Patient Participation
Mobile Applications
Health Information Systems
Smoking
Research Personnel
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Technology

Keywords

  • mHealth
  • Mobile app
  • Patient
  • Recommender system
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tailored messages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Tailoring motivational health messages for smoking cessation using an mHealth recommender system integrated with an electronic health record : A study protocol. / Hors-Fraile, Santiago; Schneider, Francine; Fernandez, Luis; Luna-Perejon, Francisco; Civit, Anton; Spachos, Dimitris; Bamidis, Panagiotis; De Vries, Hein.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 1, 698, 05.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hors-Fraile, Santiago ; Schneider, Francine ; Fernandez, Luis ; Luna-Perejon, Francisco ; Civit, Anton ; Spachos, Dimitris ; Bamidis, Panagiotis ; De Vries, Hein. / Tailoring motivational health messages for smoking cessation using an mHealth recommender system integrated with an electronic health record : A study protocol. In: BMC Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Smoking is one of the most avoidable health risk factors, and yet the quitting success rates are low. The usage of tailored health messages to support quitting has been proved to increase quitting success rates. Technology can provide convenient means to deliver tailored health messages. Health recommender systems are information-filtering algorithms that can choose the most relevant health-related items - for instance, motivational messages aimed at smoking cessation - for each user based on his or her profile. The goals of this study are to analyze the perceived quality of an mHealth recommender system aimed at smoking cessation, and to assess the level of engagement with the messages delivered to users via this medium. Methods: Patients participating in a smoking cessation program will be provided with a mobile app to receive tailored motivational health messages selected by a health recommender system, based on their profile retrieved from an electronic health record as the initial knowledge source. Patients' feedback on the messages and their interactions with the app will be analyzed and evaluated following an observational prospective methodology to a) assess the perceived quality of the mobile-based health recommender system and the messages, using the precision and time-to-read metrics and an 18-item questionnaire delivered to all patients who complete the program, and b) measure patient engagement with the mobile-based health recommender system using aggregated data analytic metrics like session frequency and, to determine the individual-level engagement, the rate of read messages for each user. This paper details the implementation and evaluation protocol that will be followed. Discussion: This study will explore whether a health recommender system algorithm integrated with an electronic health record can predict which tailored motivational health messages patients would prefer and consider to be of a good quality, encouraging them to engage with the system. The outcomes of this study will help future researchers design better tailored motivational message-sending recommender systems for smoking cessation to increase patient engagement, reduce attrition, and, as a result, increase the rates of smoking cessation. Trial registration: The trial was registered at clinicaltrials.org under the ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03206619 on July 2nd 2017. Retrospectively registered.",
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