Tailored preparation methods of TiO2 anatase, rutile, brookite: Mechanism of formation and electrochemical properties

Damien Dambournet, Ilias Belharouak, Khalil Amine

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236 Citations (Scopus)


Using a simple aqueous precipitation method based on a low-cost titanium oxysulfate precursor, we have prepared three TiO2 polymorphs: anatase, rutile, and brookite. Although the anatase form can be directly obtained from the thermolysis reaction of an oxysulfate solution, the rutile and the brookite have been prepared by the addition of oxalate species. Depending on the concentration, the oxalate anions have been shown to act either as a ligand with the stabilization of a titanium oxalate hydrate, Ti 2O3(H2O)2(C2O 2)H2O, or as a chelating agent with the isolation of the rutile phase. The brookite form was obtained by thermal decomposition of the oxalate hydrate at a temperature as low as 300 °C. The resulting solid consisted of nanodomains of TiO2 brookite embedded in large micrometer-size particles and exhibited a high specific surface area of 255 m2/g because of the mesoporosity arising from the removal of water from the oxalate species. This type of morphology is of interest for lithium-ion batteries because of an easier coating process and a higher surface contact between the material and the electrolyte that enhanced the electrochemical activity. Finally, based on electrochemical characterizations, TiO2 brookite provided higher volumetric energy density than comparable nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1179
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2010


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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