Synthesis of Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes using injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition: Effects of synthesis parameters on the nitrogen content

Abdouelilah Hachimi, Belabbes Merzougui, Abbas Hakeem, Tahar Laoui, Greg M. Swain, Qiaowan Chang, Minhua Shao, Muataz Atieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrogen-doped CNTs (N-CNTs) were synthesized using an injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition (IV-CVD) reactor. This type of reactor is quite useful for the continuous mass production of CNTs. In this work, the optimum deposition conditions for maximizing the incorporation of nitrogen were identifed. Ferrocene served as the source of the Fe catalyst and was dissolved in acetonitrile, which served as both the hydrocarbon and nitrogen sources. Diferent concentrations of ferrocene in acetonitrile were introduced into the top of a vertically aligned reactor at a constant flow rate with hydrogen serving as the carrier. The efects of hydrogen flow rate, growth temperature, and catalyst loading (Fe from the ferrocene) on the microstructure, elemental composition, and yield of N-CNTs were investigated. The N-CNTs possessed a bamboo-like microstructure with a nitrogen doping level as high as 14 at.% when using 2.5 to 5 mg/mL of the ferrocene/acetonitrile mixture at 800°C under a 1000 sccm flow of hydrogen. A production rate of 100 mg/h was achieved under the optimized synthesis conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number453725
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Chemical vapor deposition
Carbon nanotubes
Nitrogen
Acetonitrile
Hydrogen
Flow rate
Microstructure
Catalysts
Bamboo
Growth temperature
Hydrocarbons
Doping (additives)
ferrocene
Chemical analysis
acetonitrile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Synthesis of Nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes using injection-vertical chemical vapor deposition : Effects of synthesis parameters on the nitrogen content. / Hachimi, Abdouelilah; Merzougui, Belabbes; Hakeem, Abbas; Laoui, Tahar; Swain, Greg M.; Chang, Qiaowan; Shao, Minhua; Atieh, Muataz.

In: Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2015, 453725, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hachimi, Abdouelilah

AU - Merzougui, Belabbes

AU - Hakeem, Abbas

AU - Laoui, Tahar

AU - Swain, Greg M.

AU - Chang, Qiaowan

AU - Shao, Minhua

AU - Atieh, Muataz

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