Synthesis of nanoscale mesoporous silica spheres with controlled particle size

Robert I. Nooney, Dhanasekaran Thirunavukkarasu, Chen Yimei, Robert Josephs, Agnes E. Ostafin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

293 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple one-step procedure is described for the synthesis of spherical mesoporous silica, in which the size of the particles is controlled over a range of diameters from 65 to 740 nm by varying the initial silicate/surfactant concentration under dilute conditions. The particles were characterized using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and liquid nitrogen adsorption. Synthesis using a charged template, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, under aqueous conditions yielded particles of irregular spherical shape with highly ordered mesoporous channels. Synthesis under ethanol/water cosolvent conditions yielded smooth spheres with a starburst mesopore structure extending from the center of the particle to the circumference. All materials were thermally stable and exhibited two steps in their liquid nitrogen isotherms corresponding to reversible channel filling and non-reversible adsorption between particles. Mesopore volumes varied from 0.64 to 0.93 cm3 g-1 and surface areas varied from 917 to 1373 m2 g-1. From analysis of mesopore geometry and overall particle shape a three-stage mechanism for synthesis is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4721-4728
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Silicon Dioxide
Particle size
Silica
Liquid nitrogen
Adsorption
Silicates
Surface-Active Agents
Isotherms
Surface active agents
Ethanol
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Geometry
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis of nanoscale mesoporous silica spheres with controlled particle size. / Nooney, Robert I.; Thirunavukkarasu, Dhanasekaran; Yimei, Chen; Josephs, Robert; Ostafin, Agnes E.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 14, No. 11, 01.11.2002, p. 4721-4728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nooney, Robert I. ; Thirunavukkarasu, Dhanasekaran ; Yimei, Chen ; Josephs, Robert ; Ostafin, Agnes E. / Synthesis of nanoscale mesoporous silica spheres with controlled particle size. In: Chemistry of Materials. 2002 ; Vol. 14, No. 11. pp. 4721-4728.
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