Synthesis and characterization of photosensitive TiO2 nanorods by controlled precipitation route

D. P. Dubal, D. S. Dhawale, A. M. More, C. D. Lokhande

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Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films have been successfully synthesized by controlled precipitation route. These films are further annealed at 623 K for 2 h. The change in structural, morphological, optical, and wettability properties are studied by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical absorption, and contact angle measurement. From the XRD pattern it is clear that the as-grown TiO2 films are amorphous in nature which becomes polycrystalline after annealing. The FTIR study reveals the formation of TiO2 compound. Scanning electron micrographs shows that the as-grown TiO2 film consists of agglomerated nanograins well covered to the substrate surface which gets converted into vertical nanorods after annealing. As-deposited and annealed TiO2 films showed hydrophilic behavior as water contact angles were 24° and 32°, respectively. The optical absorption study reveals the small red shift due to annealing and attributed to grain size. The annealed TiO2 film showed conversion efficiency of 0.037% in photoelectrochemical cell with 1 M NaOH electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2288-2293
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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