Synthesis and characterization of alumina-CNT membrane for cadmium removal from aqueous solution

H. K. Shahzad, M. A. Hussein, F. Patel, N. Al-Aqeeli, Muataz Atieh, T. Laoui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a simple approach for synthesizing an alumina-carbon nanotube (Al2O3-CNT) composite membrane through a powder metallurgical method. The membrane was fabricated via uniaxial pressing of the composite powder mixture and subsequent solid-state, pressure-less sintering. Homogeneous dispersion of the CNTs within the alumina matrix was achieved by using gum arabic and sodium dodecyl sulfate as dispersants. The phase composition and microstructure of the synthesized membrane were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), respectively. The effect of process parameters (i.e., initial compaction load and sintering temperature) on the porosity, strength, and water flux of the membrane was investigated, and the results highlighted a strong influence of the process parameters on these properties. In particular, when the compaction load and sintering temperature were increased from 50 to 200 kN and 1200 to 1500 °C, the porosity of the membrane decreased from 65% to 31% and its strength increased from 0.76 to 15.64 MPa respectively. Finally, batch adsorption experiments were used to determine the cadmium removal efficiency of the alumina and CNTs adsorbents, as well as that an Al2O3-CNT powder mixture, whereas the efficiency of the membrane based on the above mixture was assessed using a flow loop system. The membrane removed 93% of the Cd present in a water solution containing 1 ppm Cd at pH 6.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Aluminum Oxide
Cadmium
Alumina
Membranes
Powders
Sintering
Compaction
Porosity
Gum Arabic
Carbon Nanotubes
Water
Composite membranes
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Phase composition
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Field emission
Adsorbents
Carbon nanotubes
Fluxes
Adsorption

Keywords

  • Alumina-CNT composite
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Heavy metal removal
  • Porous ceramic membranes
  • Powder metallurgy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and characterization of alumina-CNT membrane for cadmium removal from aqueous solution. / Shahzad, H. K.; Hussein, M. A.; Patel, F.; Al-Aqeeli, N.; Atieh, Muataz; Laoui, T.

In: Ceramics International, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Atieh, Muataz

AU - Laoui, T.

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AB - We report a simple approach for synthesizing an alumina-carbon nanotube (Al2O3-CNT) composite membrane through a powder metallurgical method. The membrane was fabricated via uniaxial pressing of the composite powder mixture and subsequent solid-state, pressure-less sintering. Homogeneous dispersion of the CNTs within the alumina matrix was achieved by using gum arabic and sodium dodecyl sulfate as dispersants. The phase composition and microstructure of the synthesized membrane were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), respectively. The effect of process parameters (i.e., initial compaction load and sintering temperature) on the porosity, strength, and water flux of the membrane was investigated, and the results highlighted a strong influence of the process parameters on these properties. In particular, when the compaction load and sintering temperature were increased from 50 to 200 kN and 1200 to 1500 °C, the porosity of the membrane decreased from 65% to 31% and its strength increased from 0.76 to 15.64 MPa respectively. Finally, batch adsorption experiments were used to determine the cadmium removal efficiency of the alumina and CNTs adsorbents, as well as that an Al2O3-CNT powder mixture, whereas the efficiency of the membrane based on the above mixture was assessed using a flow loop system. The membrane removed 93% of the Cd present in a water solution containing 1 ppm Cd at pH 6.

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