Synthesis and characterization of β-Ni(OH)2 up grown nanoflakes by SILAR method

S. B. Kulkarni, V. S. Jamadade, Dattatray Dhawale, C. D. Lokhande

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35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper we report a "bottom up" approach to synthesize β-Ni(OH)2 nanoflakes using novel successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. Ni(OH)2 thin films have been deposited on glass substrate using aqueous alkaline nickel chloride as nickel ion source and double distilled water maintained at 353 K temperature as hydroxyl ion source. The structural, surface morphological, optical and electrical properties of films are examined. The nanocrystallinity and β-phase of Ni(OH)2 are confirmed by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR studies. Scanning electron microscope study revealed microporous and random distribution of well up grown interlocked nanoflakes. Optical absorption studies show wide optical band gap of 3.26 eV for β-Ni(OH)2. The electrical properties revealed that β-Ni(OH)2 has negative temperature coefficient of resistance with p-type semiconducting behaviour. The electrochemical property studied by cyclic voltametry in 2 M KOH electrolyte solution revealed pseudo capacitive behaviour, when β-Ni(OH)2 thin film employed as working electrode in three electrode electrochemical cell with platinum as counter electrode and saturated calomel as reference electrode. The specific capacitance of 350 F g-1 is obtained with nanoflake like morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8390-8394
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume255
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • β-Ni(OH)
  • Nanoflakes
  • Optical and electrical properties
  • SILAR method
  • Thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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