Synergistic effect and VEGF/HSP70-hom haplotype analysis: Relationship to prostate cancer risk and clinical outcome

Sana Sfar, Hamadi Saad, Faouzi Mosbah, Lotfi Chouchane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a complex disorder resulting from the combined effects of multiple environmental and genetic factors. Our previous single-locus analysis showed that VEGF and HSP70-hom polymorphisms were significantly associated with PCa susceptibility and prognosis. Both genes encoding these proteins were located on chromosome 6p21, and combining the neighboring single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) into haplotypes may increase the association with the disease. Three tagging polymorphisms, the HSP70-hom 2437 T/C, the VEGF-1154 G/A, and the VEGF-634 G/C SNPs were genotyped in 101 cases and 80 controls. For the combined analysis of VEGF and HSP70-hom, we found a positive gradient in the odds ratios (ORs) related to the number of high-risk genotypes with a 3.53-fold increase of prostate carcinoma risk (OR = 3.53; p = 0.015). Furthermore, the TAG and CAG haplotypes at positions HSP70-hom, VEGF -1154 and VEGF -634 exhibited a two-fold (OR = 0.46; p = 0.014) and a seven-fold (OR = 0.14; p = 0.00005) reduction in PCa risk, respectively. Regarding PCa prognosis, the TAG haplotype had a negative association with the aggressive phenotype as defined by the histopathological grade (OR = 0.28; p = 0.006). Our findings confirm the role of at-risk haplotype across the HSP70-hom/VEGF gene cluster in determining susceptibility to PCa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Gene-gene interaction
  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Haplotype-based analysis
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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