Swift electrochemical detection of paraben an endocrine disruptor by In<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> nanobricks

Ahsanulhaq Qurashi, Jahangir Ahmad Rather, Toshinari Yamazaki, Manzar Sohail, Karolien De Wael, Belabbes Merzougui, Abbas Saeed Hakeem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract Novel indium oxide (In<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>) nanobricks have been prepared by template-less and surfactant-free hydrothermal synthesis method and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and field emission scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM). The synthesized In<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> nanobricks were successfully immobilized on the surface of glassy carbon electrode for the detection of Parabens (butylparaben). Owing to the unique structure and intriguing properties of these In<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> nanobricks, the nanostructured thin-film electrode has shown an obvious electrocatalytic activity for the detection of butylparaben (BP). The detection limit (LOD) was estimated as 3 s/m and the sensitivity (LOQ) was calculated as 10 s/m and were found to be 0.08 μM and 0.26 μA μM<sup>-1</sup> cm<sup>-2</sup> respectively. This sensor showed high sensitivity compared with the reported electrochemical sensors for the detection of BP. The fabricated sensor was successfully applied for the detection of butyl paraben in real cosmetic samples with good recovery ranging from 96.0 to 100.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18603
Pages (from-to)167-171
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2015



  • Electrochemical BP detection
  • In<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> nanobricks
  • Synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Instrumentation

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