Surface treatments and properties of CuGaSe2 thin films for solar cell applications

S. Nishiwaki, A. Ennaoui, S. Schuler, S. Siebentritt, M. Ch Lux-Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

10 Citations (Scopus)


Polycrystalline CuGaSe2 (CGS) films with slightly Ga-rich composition were prepared on Mo/soda-lime substrates by the 'bi-layer' process. The film surfaces were modified by chemical bath treatment with In2(SO4)3, thioacetamid, and triethanolamin to improve the performance in solar cell applications. The film compositions were characterized by X-ray fluorescence and the surface of treated films was investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Solar cells with ZnO/CdS/CGS/Mo/soda-lime glass structure were fabricated, and the current-voltage properties and the quantum efficiency were analyzed. Improvement of the spectral response, especially in the long wavelength region, was observed for the samples treated with the chemical bath, which results in increase in a short circuit current density. An increase in the parallel and series resistance of the cells was also observed with the treatment. The surface compositions of the CGS thin films modified by the chemical bath are discussed on the base of the results of XPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-300
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003
EventProceedings of Symposium B - Strasbourg, France
Duration: 18 Jun 200221 Jun 2002



  • CuGaSe
  • Solar cells
  • Surface composition
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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