Surface treatments and properties of CuGaSe2 thin films for solar cell applications

S. Nishiwaki, A. Ennaoui, S. Schuler, S. Siebentritt, M. Ch Lux-Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycrystalline CuGaSe2 (CGS) films with slightly Ga-rich composition were prepared on Mo/soda-lime substrates by the 'bi-layer' process. The film surfaces were modified by chemical bath treatment with In2(SO4)3, thioacetamid, and triethanolamin to improve the performance in solar cell applications. The film compositions were characterized by X-ray fluorescence and the surface of treated films was investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Solar cells with ZnO/CdS/CGS/Mo/soda-lime glass structure were fabricated, and the current-voltage properties and the quantum efficiency were analyzed. Improvement of the spectral response, especially in the long wavelength region, was observed for the samples treated with the chemical bath, which results in increase in a short circuit current density. An increase in the parallel and series resistance of the cells was also observed with the treatment. The surface compositions of the CGS thin films modified by the chemical bath are discussed on the base of the results of XPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-300
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume431-432
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

surface treatment
surface properties
Surface properties
Surface treatment
Solar cells
solar cells
baths
Thin films
calcium oxides
thin films
Lime
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
photoelectron spectroscopy
Thioacetamide
x rays
short circuit currents
Chemical analysis
Quantum efficiency
spectral sensitivity
Surface structure

Keywords

  • CuGaSe
  • Solar cells
  • Surface composition
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Surface treatments and properties of CuGaSe2 thin films for solar cell applications. / Nishiwaki, S.; Ennaoui, A.; Schuler, S.; Siebentritt, S.; Lux-Steiner, M. Ch.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 431-432, 01.05.2003, p. 296-300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishiwaki, S. ; Ennaoui, A. ; Schuler, S. ; Siebentritt, S. ; Lux-Steiner, M. Ch. / Surface treatments and properties of CuGaSe2 thin films for solar cell applications. In: Thin Solid Films. 2003 ; Vol. 431-432. pp. 296-300.
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