Surface modification of activated carbon by surfactants mixtures

Olga Kochkodan, Victor Maksin, Nadiya Antraptseva, Viktor Kochkodan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Adsorption of surfactants is widely used for surface modification of different materials. Using of the mixtures of the surfactants in many cases is more attractive compared with single surfactants, however composition of mixed adsorption layers at solid surface was not sufficiently studied yet. In this work, the mutual effect of anionic and nonionic surfactants on the composition of the mixed adsorption layer on the surface of activated carbon (AC) was studied. Sodium hexadecyl sulphate (SHS) and oxyethylated octylphenol Triton X100 (TX-100) were used as anionic and nonionic surfactants, respectively. Mixed SHS/TX-100 systems have been studied over a concentration range of 0.1-8.0 mmol/L and the molar fractions of SHS in the mixtures were within 0.2-0.8. It was shown that the adsorption isotherms of SHS or TX-100 surfactants at AC could be describe by the Langmuir equation. For surfactants mixtures at low equilibrium concentrations, it was found that adsorption of SHS increases when TX-100 is present in the solution. This might be explained by the decreasing of electrostatic interactions between the head groups of SHS molecules in the mixed adsorption layers due to incorporation of the molecules of the nonionic surfactant. At higher total surfactant concentrations, SDS adsorbed at AC surface is replaced by TX-100 molecules and as result the nonionic surfactants is preferentially adsorbed on AC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012017
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume600
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2019
Event2019 International Conference on Composite Materials Science and Technology, ICCMST 2019 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 22 May 201925 May 2019

Fingerprint

Sodium sulfate
Surface-Active Agents
Activated carbon
Octoxynol
Surface treatment
Surface active agents
Nonionic surfactants
Adsorption
Anionic surfactants
Molecules
Coulomb interactions
Chemical analysis
Adsorption isotherms

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • sodium hexadecyl sulphate
  • surface layer
  • Triton X100

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Surface modification of activated carbon by surfactants mixtures. / Kochkodan, Olga; Maksin, Victor; Antraptseva, Nadiya; Kochkodan, Viktor.

In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 600, No. 1, 012017, 20.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

@article{945ead64be0d4ddaacaf366b893f554b,
title = "Surface modification of activated carbon by surfactants mixtures",
abstract = "Adsorption of surfactants is widely used for surface modification of different materials. Using of the mixtures of the surfactants in many cases is more attractive compared with single surfactants, however composition of mixed adsorption layers at solid surface was not sufficiently studied yet. In this work, the mutual effect of anionic and nonionic surfactants on the composition of the mixed adsorption layer on the surface of activated carbon (AC) was studied. Sodium hexadecyl sulphate (SHS) and oxyethylated octylphenol Triton X100 (TX-100) were used as anionic and nonionic surfactants, respectively. Mixed SHS/TX-100 systems have been studied over a concentration range of 0.1-8.0 mmol/L and the molar fractions of SHS in the mixtures were within 0.2-0.8. It was shown that the adsorption isotherms of SHS or TX-100 surfactants at AC could be describe by the Langmuir equation. For surfactants mixtures at low equilibrium concentrations, it was found that adsorption of SHS increases when TX-100 is present in the solution. This might be explained by the decreasing of electrostatic interactions between the head groups of SHS molecules in the mixed adsorption layers due to incorporation of the molecules of the nonionic surfactant. At higher total surfactant concentrations, SDS adsorbed at AC surface is replaced by TX-100 molecules and as result the nonionic surfactants is preferentially adsorbed on AC.",
keywords = "Activated carbon, sodium hexadecyl sulphate, surface layer, Triton X100",
author = "Olga Kochkodan and Victor Maksin and Nadiya Antraptseva and Viktor Kochkodan",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1088/1757-899X/600/1/012017",
language = "English",
volume = "600",
journal = "IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering",
issn = "1757-8981",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surface modification of activated carbon by surfactants mixtures

AU - Kochkodan, Olga

AU - Maksin, Victor

AU - Antraptseva, Nadiya

AU - Kochkodan, Viktor

PY - 2019/8/20

Y1 - 2019/8/20

N2 - Adsorption of surfactants is widely used for surface modification of different materials. Using of the mixtures of the surfactants in many cases is more attractive compared with single surfactants, however composition of mixed adsorption layers at solid surface was not sufficiently studied yet. In this work, the mutual effect of anionic and nonionic surfactants on the composition of the mixed adsorption layer on the surface of activated carbon (AC) was studied. Sodium hexadecyl sulphate (SHS) and oxyethylated octylphenol Triton X100 (TX-100) were used as anionic and nonionic surfactants, respectively. Mixed SHS/TX-100 systems have been studied over a concentration range of 0.1-8.0 mmol/L and the molar fractions of SHS in the mixtures were within 0.2-0.8. It was shown that the adsorption isotherms of SHS or TX-100 surfactants at AC could be describe by the Langmuir equation. For surfactants mixtures at low equilibrium concentrations, it was found that adsorption of SHS increases when TX-100 is present in the solution. This might be explained by the decreasing of electrostatic interactions between the head groups of SHS molecules in the mixed adsorption layers due to incorporation of the molecules of the nonionic surfactant. At higher total surfactant concentrations, SDS adsorbed at AC surface is replaced by TX-100 molecules and as result the nonionic surfactants is preferentially adsorbed on AC.

AB - Adsorption of surfactants is widely used for surface modification of different materials. Using of the mixtures of the surfactants in many cases is more attractive compared with single surfactants, however composition of mixed adsorption layers at solid surface was not sufficiently studied yet. In this work, the mutual effect of anionic and nonionic surfactants on the composition of the mixed adsorption layer on the surface of activated carbon (AC) was studied. Sodium hexadecyl sulphate (SHS) and oxyethylated octylphenol Triton X100 (TX-100) were used as anionic and nonionic surfactants, respectively. Mixed SHS/TX-100 systems have been studied over a concentration range of 0.1-8.0 mmol/L and the molar fractions of SHS in the mixtures were within 0.2-0.8. It was shown that the adsorption isotherms of SHS or TX-100 surfactants at AC could be describe by the Langmuir equation. For surfactants mixtures at low equilibrium concentrations, it was found that adsorption of SHS increases when TX-100 is present in the solution. This might be explained by the decreasing of electrostatic interactions between the head groups of SHS molecules in the mixed adsorption layers due to incorporation of the molecules of the nonionic surfactant. At higher total surfactant concentrations, SDS adsorbed at AC surface is replaced by TX-100 molecules and as result the nonionic surfactants is preferentially adsorbed on AC.

KW - Activated carbon

KW - sodium hexadecyl sulphate

KW - surface layer

KW - Triton X100

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072162274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072162274&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1757-899X/600/1/012017

DO - 10.1088/1757-899X/600/1/012017

M3 - Conference article

VL - 600

JO - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

JF - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

SN - 1757-8981

IS - 1

M1 - 012017

ER -