Sulfur speciation in Li-S batteries determined by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Marine Cuisinier, Pierre Etienne Cabelguen, Scott Evers, Guang He, Mason Kolbeck, Arnd Garsuch, Trudy Bolin, Mahalingam Balasubramanian, Linda F. Nazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

251 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the most challenging issues in electrochemical energy storage is developing insightful in situ probes of redox processes for a working cell. This is particularly true for cells that operate on the basis of chemical transformations such as Li-S and Li-O2, where the factors that govern capacity and cycling stability are difficult to access owing to the amorphous nature of the intermediate species. Here, we investigate cathodes for the Li-S cell comprised of sulfur-imbibed robust spherical carbon shells with tailored porosity that exhibit excellent cycling stability. Their highly regular nanoscale dimensions and thin carbon shells allow highly uniform electrochemical response and further enable direct monitoring of sulfur speciation within the cell over the entire redox range by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy on the S K-edge. The results reveal the first detailed evidence of the mechanisms of sulfur redox chemistry on cycling, showing how sulfur fraction (under-utilization) and sulfide precipitation impact capacity. Such information is critical for promoting improvements in Li-S batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3227-3232
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume4
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Sulfur
Oxidation-Reduction
Carbon
Porosity
Sulfides
Energy storage
Electrodes
Cathodes
Lithium sulfur batteries
Monitoring

Keywords

  • carbon nanosphere
  • lithium batteries
  • lithium-sulfur
  • operando
  • X-ray absorption near-edge structure
  • XANES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Sulfur speciation in Li-S batteries determined by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy. / Cuisinier, Marine; Cabelguen, Pierre Etienne; Evers, Scott; He, Guang; Kolbeck, Mason; Garsuch, Arnd; Bolin, Trudy; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam; Nazar, Linda F.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 4, No. 19, 03.10.2013, p. 3227-3232.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cuisinier, M, Cabelguen, PE, Evers, S, He, G, Kolbeck, M, Garsuch, A, Bolin, T, Balasubramanian, M & Nazar, LF 2013, 'Sulfur speciation in Li-S batteries determined by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy', Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4, no. 19, pp. 3227-3232. https://doi.org/10.1021/jz401763d
Cuisinier, Marine ; Cabelguen, Pierre Etienne ; Evers, Scott ; He, Guang ; Kolbeck, Mason ; Garsuch, Arnd ; Bolin, Trudy ; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam ; Nazar, Linda F. / Sulfur speciation in Li-S batteries determined by operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 4, No. 19. pp. 3227-3232.
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