Subtypes of Drug Abuse with Psychosis: Demographic Characteristics, Clinical Features, and Family History

Ming T. Tsuang, John C. Simpson, Ziad Kronfol

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Abstract

Hospital records of 72 drug abusers with psychoses (DAP) were analyzed to clarify the relationship between drug abuse and psychosis. Comparison groups included schizophrenics and atypical schizophrenics without drug abuse and drug abusers without psychoses (DA). Compared with DAP in whom psychoses lasted less than six months before admission (DAP-short), drug abusers with psychoses of a longer duration (DAP-long) had more symptoms, more premorbid personality disorders, and greater familial risks of schizophrenia and affective disorder. The DAP-long group resembled atypical schizophrenia for clinical features and family history, whereas the DAP-short group resembled DA for some clinical features and family history. The results indicate that there are several subgroups of DAP. The importance of clinical features and family history in identifying subgroups of DAP was stressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-147
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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