Substitution of MSF desalting plants with absorption water chillers: New district air conditioning in Arabian gulf counties

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In Arabian Gulf countries, steam cogeneration power, desalting plants (CPDP) are used extensively to produce both electric power and process heat. The process heat is in the form of steam extracted from steam turbines at pressures of 1-3 bar to desalting units of the multi-stage flash (MSF) type. This MSF system consumes, on average, the equivalent work of 22 kWh/m 3 when steam is extracted from turbines and 40 kWh/m 3 when steam is supplied directly from a boiler. The emergence of reverse osmosis (RO) with work consumption of less than 7 kWh/m 3 favors its use over the inefficient MSF system. When the RO system is substituted for the MSF system, process heat from the CPDP is banned and only power is produced. This drastically reduces the power efficiency of the CPDP, which was originally designed to produce power and heat, so it is vital to continue the production of process heat and find another application for that heat. One good application is to use the heat to drive absorption water chillers for the district air-conditioning systems needed in the Gulf area. Water-lithium bromide chillers are driven by steam or hot water at temperatures of 100°C to 130°C, similar to the conditions supplied to the MSF system. The use of CPDP plants to produce electric power and chilled water for air conditioning gives better utilization of fuel energy and better use of the available equipment. This paper illustrates the benefits of this approach compared to the use of conventional mechanical vapor compression refrigerating machines for air conditioning and producing power only from CPDP to drive them.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASHRAE Transactions
Pages369-375
Number of pages7
Volume108 PART 2
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes
EventASHRAE Transactions 2002 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: 22 Jun 200226 Jun 2002

Other

OtherASHRAE Transactions 2002
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI
Period22/6/0226/6/02

Fingerprint

Salt removal
Water absorption
Air conditioning
Substitution reactions
Steam
Reverse osmosis
Water
Steam turbines
Hot Temperature
Boilers
Lithium
Turbines
Vapors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Substitution of MSF desalting plants with absorption water chillers : New district air conditioning in Arabian gulf counties. / Darwish, Mohamed A.

ASHRAE Transactions. Vol. 108 PART 2 2002. p. 369-375.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Darwish, MA 2002, Substitution of MSF desalting plants with absorption water chillers: New district air conditioning in Arabian gulf counties. in ASHRAE Transactions. vol. 108 PART 2, pp. 369-375, ASHRAE Transactions 2002, Honolulu, HI, United States, 22/6/02.
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