Subclinical anxiety symptoms, sleep, and daytime dysfunction in older adults with primary insomnia

Adam P. Spira, Leah Friedman, Jasdeep S. Aulakh, Tina Lee, Javaid Sheikh, Jerome A. Yesavage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


"Both Insomnia complaints and anxiety-related distress are common in older adults, and are associated with poor daytime functioning. We investigated whether subclinical levels of anxiety were associated with sleep disturbance and daytime functioning in older adults who met diagnostic criteria for primary insomnia, and therefore but did not meet criteria for depression or an anxiety disorder. After adjustment for depressive symptoms, elevated state anxiety was associated with higher levels of wake after sleep onset (measured by both actigraphy and sleep log) and and shorter sleep sleep onset latency (measured by sleep log). Higher levels of trait anxiety were associated with greater wake after sleep onset (measured by sleep log). Elevated state and trait anxiety were associated with worse and social functioning, and higher levels of trait anxiety were associated with worse role functioning. Thus, subclinical anxiety symptoms may be an important target for clinical intervention to improve sleep and functioning in older adults with primary insomnia".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-60
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia actigraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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