The new compound LiNaMg[PO4]F has been synthesized by a wet chemical reaction route. Its crystal structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. LiNaMg[PO4]F crystallizes with the monoclinic pseudomerohedrally twinned LiNaNi[PO4]F structure, space group P21/c, a = 6.772(4), b = 11.154(6), c = 5.021(3) Å, β = 90.00(1)° and Z = 4. The structure contains [MgO 3F]n chains made up of zigzag edge-sharing MgO 4F2 octahedra. These chains are interlinked by PO 4 tetrahedra forming 2D-Mg[PO4]F layers. The alkali metal atoms are well ordered in between these layers over two atomic positions. The use of group-subgroup transformation schemes in the Bärnighausen formalism enabled us to determine precise phase transition mechanisms from LiNaNi[PO 4]F- to Na2M[PO4]F-type structures (M = Mn-Ni, and Mg) (see video clip 1 and 2). The crystal and magnetic structure and properties of the parent LiNaNi[PO4]F phase were also studied by magnetometry and neutron powder diffraction. Despite the rather long interlayer distance, dmin(Ni+2-Ni+2) ∼ 6.8 Å, the material develops a long-range magnetic order below 5 K. The magnetic structure can be viewed as antiferromagnetically coupled ferromagnetic layers with moments parallel to the b-axis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry