Structural and optical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film absorbers from ZnS and Cu3SnS4 nanoparticle precursors

Xianzhong Lin, Jaison Kavalakkatt, Kai Kornhuber, Sergiu Levcenko, Martha Ch Lux-Steiner, Ahmed Ennaoui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)


Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) has been considered as an alternative absorber layer to Cu(In,Ga)Se2 due to its earth abundant and environmentally friendly constituents, optimal direct band gap of 1.4-1.6 eV and high absorption coefficient in the visible range. In this work, we propose a solution-based chemical route for the preparation of CZTS thin film absorbers by spin coating of the precursor inks composed of Cu3SnS4 and ZnS NPs and annealing in Ar/H2S atmosphere. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy were used to characterize the structural properties. The chemical composition was determined by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Optical properties of the CZTS thin film absorbers were studied by transmission, reflection and photoluminescence spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-13
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2013
Externally publishedYes



  • CuZnSnS
  • CZTS
  • Optical properties
  • Photoluminescence
  • Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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